Legislative Process


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.

Legislative Process

 

the order of the activities, usually established by the constitution, of the highest body of state power responsible for the enactment of laws.

Characteristic features of the legislative process in socialist countries are rules of procedure clearly defined by law; active participation of public organizations of the working masses; scientific substantiation of bills so that they reflect the objective requirements of the social development; and the enactment, as a final result, of laws expressing the fundamental interests and genuine will of the people.

In the USSR, the legislative process consists of four stages. The first stage is the introduction of the bill in the Supreme Soviet by a body having the right of legislative initiative; this is preceded by a thorough preliminary analysis of the bill by the government apparatus and by research institutions. The most important bills are subject to public discussion throughout the country or republic. The second stage is the consideration of the bill by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or the Supreme Soviet of the Union or autonomous republic, after the report of the representative of the body that introduced the bill. Participants in this discussion are usually deputies of the Supreme Soviet and representatives of its standing commissions and sometimes experts and representatives of the public.

The third stage is the adoption of the bill by vote. The law is considered to be adopted if a simple majority of deputies vote for it; a constitutional law is adopted by a special majority (not less than two-thirds of the votes). The fourth stage is the publication of the adopted law with the signatures of the chairman and the secretary of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in the official newspapers Izvestiia Sovetov deputatov tmdiashchikhsia (Proceedings of the Soviets of Deputies of the Working People) and in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Records of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR); the publication of the law brings it to public notice and marks its coming into force. In other socialist countries the legislative process is based on similar principles.

In the bourgeois states, the legislative process is characterized by the concentration of the right to introduce a bill in the hands of the chief of state or head of government; the whole legislative activity of the parliament is essentially under his control. Parliamentary committees and various commissions play a very important role in the legislative process. These bodies consider bills on their merits and often determine their future. The adoption of the law by the parliament is followed by its approval by the chief of state and in some countries—for example, France—also by promulgation (the decision by the head of state to publish the law). Only after all this procedure is the adopted law published.

A. F. SHEBANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently, public servants who are familiar with the legislative process and the committee system may be better able to anticipate how the policies that they are responsible for will be affected once they reach the legislature.
This Article then argues that it does not follow from this incoherence that judges should always be textualists, but rather that judges should not deviate from the best reading of the text unless they have evidence of a legislative process failure that makes it likely that the statutory provision at issue does not reflect such a bargain.
BEIRUT: An organization to give people more influence in creating the country's laws launched Wednesday in Beirut as non-governmental organizations banded together to make the legislative process more transparent and responsive to people's needs.
You will then be shuttled to the Capitol building where you will have the chance to meet your legislators and see the legislative process at work.
Their stories remind me that engagement in the legislative process is both a right and a responsibility.
Public access to environmental information may be refused by a ministry if the information relates to a legislative process in which the ministry is participating.
A helpful pamphlet, "The Legislative Process and You," is available for downloading from the DAV website at www.dav.org/voters/LegislativeProcess.aspx.
This means that I was responsible for writing and vetting legislative language and then, hopefully, guiding this language through the legislative process. Working a bill through the full legislative process is a subtle exercise that requires patience, persistence, and a bit of luck with timing.
School board members' participation in the legislative process is vital to encourage support for local decision-making, oppose unfunded mandates and adequately fund public education--just to name a few important issues.
I left inspired to become more active in the Legislative process, I want my voice to be heard.
I know that behind each of these accomplishments are thousands of dental hygienists at component and constituent levels who are learning about the legislative process, filing legislation, testifying at hearings, and lobbying their senators and representatives.
This is the result of a research project investigating "the historical context, legislative process, implementation problems, social impact, and political undoing" of the USA PATRIOT Act (United and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism).

Full browser ?