Pygopodidae

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Pygopodidae

[‚pī·gə′päd·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The flap-footed lizards, a family of the suborder Sauria.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pygopodidae

 

a family of reptiles of the order Sauria. The snakelike body reaches 80 cm in length. The front extremities are not developed, and the back extremities resemble small fins covered with scales; they are practically unnoticeable in some species. The tail is very long. The eyes are small, with vertical pupils. The eyelids have fused into a transparent membrane.

The Pygopodidae embrace eight genera, with approximately 30 species. The lizards are distributed mainly in Australia, as well as in New Guinea and neighboring islands. They are primarily nocturnal and usually live in tall grasses. They feed on insects and other invertebrates.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Between January and March 1999, 72 Striped Legless Lizards were collected for examination from Iramoo Wildlife Reserve, St Albans, Victoria, Australia (37o44'S, 144o47'E) and then released at the point of capture.
To assess for ontogenetic changes in the dorsal head scale pattern of Striped Legless Lizards, a captive colony of eight hatchlings was studied for approximately two years.
A captive colony of 52 adult Striped Legless Lizards housed at Victoria University was studied to determine whether the use of dorsal head scales for individual identification was reliable and persistent over time.
Of the three regions of scales explored (loreal, ventral head and dorsal head), the arrangement and pattern of dorsal head scales was found to be sufficiently varied between Striped Legless Lizards to enable individual identification.
The use of dorsal head scale patterns was a reliable method for identifying and monitoring adult Striped Legless Lizards in the captive colony at Victoria University.
Volunteers were generally able to positively identify individual Striped Legless Lizards using the dorsal head scale pattern.
Food habits and reproductive biology of the Australian legless lizards (Pygopodidae).
This observation represents the first record of an Eastern Small-eyed Snake preying on a legless lizard in NSW and suggests this species may have a much broader diet than previously thought, possibly including relatively large prey items.
Coulson G (1990) Conservation Biology of the Striped Legless Lizard Delma impar: an initial investigation.
Smith WJS and Robertson P (1999) National Recovery Plan for the Striped Legless Lizard (Delma impar): 1999-2003.
Striped Legless Lizard 2 Single-entrance burrows with Delma impar cavities in clay soil.