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Legnica(lĕgnē`tsä), Ger. Liegnitz, city (1992 est. pop. 106,300), Dolnośląskie prov., SW Poland, on the Kaczawa River. A center of a vegetable-growing region, it also has manufactures of metal goods, textiles, and foodstuffs. Chartered in 1252, it was until 1675 the capital of a duchy ruled by a branch of the PiastPiast
, 1st dynasty of Polish dukes and kings. Its name was derived from that of its legendary ancestor, a simple peasant. The first historic member, Duke Mieszko I (reigned 962–92), began the unification of Poland and introduced Christianity.
..... Click the link for more information. dynasty. In the War of the Austrian Succession it was acquired (1742) by Prussia. The city was heavily damaged in World War II, but it has retained its 11th-century castle (rebuilt 1835), parts of its medieval walls and towers, and two churches (13th–14th cent.), one of which contains the tombs of the Piasts.
a city in Poland, in Wroclaw Województwo. Population, 75,800 (1970). The chief industry is the smelting of copper extracted from local mines. Copper wire and mining equipment are manufactured, as well as knitted goods, clothing, paper, and pianos. The city also has food-processing and woodworking enterprises.