Lehmbruck, Wilhelm

Lehmbruck, Wilhelm

(vĭl`hĕlm lām`bro͝ok), 1881–1919, German sculptor. He studied at Düsseldorf and went to Paris in 1910. Influenced at first by Rodin, Brancusi, and Maillol, he later arrived at his own highly individual style. His large, elongated figures express a dramatic poignancy. Woman Kneeling (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) is generally regarded as his best work. Lehmbruck committed suicide in Berlin at the age of 38.

Bibliography

See study by W. Hofmann (1958).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lehmbruck, Wilhelm

 

Born Jan. 4, 1881, in Duisburg; died Mar. 25, 1919, in Berlin. German sculptor.

Lehmbruck studied at the Düsseldorf Academy of Arts between 1901 and 1907. He worked in Berlin, Paris, and Zürich. His early works reveal the influence of A. Maillol and are distinguished by pure plastic beauty and balanced structure (Standing Woman, artificial stone, 1910–11, National Gallery, Berlin). Between 1910 and 1919, having adopted expressionism, Lehmbruck, with the aid of conventional elongation, sought to impart to the figures a special spirituality (Youth Ascending, stone, 1913, Museum of Modern Art, New York). The work The Fallen (stone, 1915–16, Frau Lehmbruck Collection, Tübingen) reflects the tragedy of World War I (1914–18). Lehmbruck committed suicide.

REFERENCE

Hoff, A. Wilhelm Lehmbruck Berlin, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.