Leif Ericsson

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Leif Ericsson

(lēf ĕr`ĭksən), Old Norse Leifr Eiriksson, fl. A.D. 999–1000, Norse discoverer of America, b. probably in Iceland; son of Eric the RedEric the Red,
fl. 10th cent., Norse chieftain, discoverer and colonizer of Greenland according to the sagas. He left (c.950) Norway with his exiled father and settled in Iceland. A feud resulting in manslaughter led to his banishment (c.981) from Iceland for three years.
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. He spent his youth in Greenland and in 999 visited Norway, where he was converted to Christianity and commissioned by King Olaf I to carry the faith to Greenland. According to the "Saga of Eric the Red" in the collection of sagas known as Hauksbok, it was on the return voyage from Norway to Greenland in 1000 that Leif Ericsson, blown off his course, discovered hitherto unknown lands in which he found grapes, self-sown wheat, and a species of trees called "mausur." He landed, secured specimens, and continued to Greenland, where he was successful in introducing Christianity. In another version of the story, interpolated in the "Saga of Olaf Tryggvason" in the Flateyjarbok, Leif completed his mission to Greenland, set out from there c.1002 on a voyage to western lands, discovered several places, and settled for a winter in VinlandVinland
or Wineland,
section of North America discovered by Leif Ericsson in the 11th cent. The sources for the knowledge of Leif Ericsson's exploration differ as to whether it was planned or accidental, but it is definitely known that he found a land containing grapes
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. This account is much more detailed, but the account in the "Saga of Eric the Red" is more widely accepted. Many scholars believe that Leif Ericsson landed on some part of the North American coast, but there has been no agreement on the modern identity of Vinland. Various sites have been nominated, from Newfoundland (where evidence of Norse settlement has been found) to Virginia. For the sources, see A. M. Reeves, The Finding of Wineland (1895, repr. 1973).

Bibliography

See also E. F. Gray, Leif Eriksson (1930, repr. 1972); M. Thordarson, The Vinland Voyages (1930); E. Reman, The Norse Discoveries and Explorations in America (1949).


Ericsson, Leif:

see Leif EricssonLeif Ericsson
, Old Norse Leifr Eiriksson, fl. A.D. 999–1000, Norse discoverer of America, b. probably in Iceland; son of Eric the Red. He spent his youth in Greenland and in 999 visited Norway, where he was converted to Christianity and commissioned by King Olaf I
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
2 Leif Eriksson Legend states that Eriksson served King Olav I of Norway and in the year 1000 sailed back to Greenland for the purpose of introducing Christianity.
It wasn't a lack of navigational acumen -there are many who think that Leif Eriksson was the first man to traverse the Atlantic and ``discover'' America.
So, this year Scandinavian-Americans will gain more attention than ever for Leif Eriksson Day.
The son of Erik the Red (see 982), Leif Eriksson (fl.
The argument has gone on for years: Did Christopher Columbus discover America in 1492, or was it Leif Eriksson some 400 years earlier?
That distinction is generally given to the Norse Viking Leif Eriksson, who is believed to have landed in present-day Newfoundland almost five centuries before Columbus set sail.
Our plan is to traverse the peninsula in five or six days, ending our trip where European exploration of the New World began, at L'Anse Aux Meadows, a desolate spot at the end of the earth where a company of Vikings under the command of Leif Eriksson built a rude settlement one thousand years ago.
9 Columbus Day (observed); Yom Kippur; Thanksgiving (in Canada); Native Americans Day (in South Dakota); Leif Eriksson Day (see story, at right).
He was not even the first European to do so, for Leif Eriksson had done it five centuries before (see 1000).
8. Columbus was probably not the first European to make the journey across the Atlantic. It is believed that Norse Viking Leif Eriksson was the first to set sail across the ocean.
For starters, he may not even have been the first European to set foot in the Americas. It is believed that (http://www.ibtimes.com/columbus-day-facts-2015-5-things-you-may-not-know-about-holiday-2135502) Norse Viking Leif Eriksson was the first to set sail across the Atlantic ocean around 1,000 A.D.