Leif Ericsson

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Leif Ericsson

(lēf ĕr`ĭksən), Old Norse Leifr Eiriksson, fl. A.D. 999–1000, Norse discoverer of America, b. probably in Iceland; son of Eric the RedEric the Red,
fl. 10th cent., Norse chieftain, discoverer and colonizer of Greenland according to the sagas. He left (c.950) Norway with his exiled father and settled in Iceland. A feud resulting in manslaughter led to his banishment (c.981) from Iceland for three years.
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. He spent his youth in Greenland and in 999 visited Norway, where he was converted to Christianity and commissioned by King Olaf I to carry the faith to Greenland. According to the "Saga of Eric the Red" in the collection of sagas known as Hauksbok, it was on the return voyage from Norway to Greenland in 1000 that Leif Ericsson, blown off his course, discovered hitherto unknown lands in which he found grapes, self-sown wheat, and a species of trees called "mausur." He landed, secured specimens, and continued to Greenland, where he was successful in introducing Christianity. In another version of the story, interpolated in the "Saga of Olaf Tryggvason" in the Flateyjarbok, Leif completed his mission to Greenland, set out from there c.1002 on a voyage to western lands, discovered several places, and settled for a winter in VinlandVinland
or Wineland,
section of North America discovered by Leif Ericsson in the 11th cent. The sources for the knowledge of Leif Ericsson's exploration differ as to whether it was planned or accidental, but it is definitely known that he found a land containing grapes
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. This account is much more detailed, but the account in the "Saga of Eric the Red" is more widely accepted. Many scholars believe that Leif Ericsson landed on some part of the North American coast, but there has been no agreement on the modern identity of Vinland. Various sites have been nominated, from Newfoundland (where evidence of Norse settlement has been found) to Virginia. For the sources, see A. M. Reeves, The Finding of Wineland (1895, repr. 1973).

Bibliography

See also E. F. Gray, Leif Eriksson (1930, repr. 1972); M. Thordarson, The Vinland Voyages (1930); E. Reman, The Norse Discoveries and Explorations in America (1949).


Ericsson, Leif:

see Leif EricssonLeif Ericsson
, Old Norse Leifr Eiriksson, fl. A.D. 999–1000, Norse discoverer of America, b. probably in Iceland; son of Eric the Red. He spent his youth in Greenland and in 999 visited Norway, where he was converted to Christianity and commissioned by King Olaf I
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a nod to the most famous Viking explorer, Leif Eriksson, who set foot on North American soil 500 years before Columbus, Viking Star will also cross the North Atlantic -- with a new itinerary that sails from Bergen to Montreal, with stops in the Shetland Islands, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.
Richie goes on to relate an utterly fallacious story, in which the stone is replaced by a large statue of Leif Eriksson on a horse, sword in the air--except that on "Protestant Day" they discover that someone has sawed off the sword and "cemented a bottle of Pabst Blue Ribbon into old Leif's hand" (138).
2 ICELANDIC Viking Leif Eriksson was the first European to set foot on the American continent around the year 1000.
The book begins by examining the paths of early explorers from 2500BC onwards through to AD1000 when Leif Eriksson reached the American continent.
2 Leif Eriksson Legend states that Eriksson served King Olav I of Norway and in the year 1000 sailed back to Greenland for the purpose of introducing Christianity.
It wasn't a lack of navigational acumen -there are many who think that Leif Eriksson was the first man to traverse the Atlantic and ``discover'' America.
The argument has gone on for years: Did Christopher Columbus discover America in 1492, or was it Leif Eriksson some 400 years earlier?
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And, in Viking tradition, the crew will be met on shore by a group of children bearing a ceremonial gift of berries and flatbreads signifying the "harvest" of the land that Leif Eriksson called "Vinland.
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