Lelio Basso

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Basso, Lelio


Born Dec. 25, 1903, in Varazze, Savona Province. Figure in the Italian workers’ movement.

Basso had advanced legal and philosophical training. He has been a member of the Socialist Party since 1923. Under the fascist dictatorship (1922–43), he was repeatedly imprisoned and exiled. In 1943 he was one of the organizers of the underground Italian Socialist Party (ISP) in northern Italy, which was occupied by the German fascist aggressors (1943–45). Later, he was a member of the governing bodies of the ISP, and secretary (1947–48) and vice-secretary of the party. Since 1957 he has been one of the leaders of the party’s left wing.

Basso was one of the founders of the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity (1964). From 1964 to 1972, Basso was a member of its central committee. From 1964 to 1968 he was a member of the party leadership, and from 1966 to 1968 he was president of the central committee of the party. Since 1972 he has been an independent leftist. He was a deputy in Parliament at all the convocations after World War II.

Basso is the author of works on historical and political subjects. He is an eminent lawyer. Since 1960, Basso has been assistant professor of the sociology of developing countries at the University of Rome.


Due totalitarismi, facismo e democrazia cristiana. Milan, 1951.
Gaetano Salvemini—socialista e meridionalista. Manduria, 1959.
Socialisti e cattolici al bivio. Manduria, 1961.
Gli scritti politici di Rosa Luxemburg. Rome, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, Lelio Basso, as he condemned the Russian intervention, reminded everyone what the world owed the October Revolution:
It is particularly the case of Italian socialist Lelio Basso, party secretary from 1946 to 1948.
Lelio Basso, 'Coerenza socialista' in Avanti, 7 November 1957.
Chief among them was Lelio Basso, who had refused to include within the traditional Marxist corpus the analyses of Lenin that he felt so sceptical about.
Beena Sarwar in April spoke to the Lelio Basso Foundation in Rome and its School of Journalism as part of an ongoing series on the consequences of war on the health of citizens.
Established in 1979 by the Lelio Basso International Foundation for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples, the PPT is the immediate successor to the Bertrand Russell Tribunals on Vietnam and Latin America.
Lelio Basso's summary at the second session of the Russell Tribunal on Vietnam argued, "Our serious work, the evidence which we have accumulated, the testimonies which we have brought to the knowledge of the public, the search for the truth which we have together pursued, has, in the eyes of public opinion, legitimized our existence."(17) Tribunal efforts, by documenting and condemning alleged crimes against humanity, seek to ensure that the public assumes legal and moral responsibility, thereby, in Richard Falk's words, [k]eeping Nuremberg [a]live."(18)
The Lelio Basso Foundation's Permanent Peoples' Tribunal (PPT) resulted from the Second Russell Tribunal, and has held sessions on the Armenian genocide, Guatemala, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Eritrea, Zaire, Afghanistan, and other topics.(31) The tribunal sessions are publicized by the nongovernmental International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples.
Princeton Professor Richard Falk, Irish jurist Sean MacBride, the Italian legislator, lawyer, and sociologist Lelio Basso, and British physician Allan Wynn exemplify tribunal participants, as do the many creative artists who participate in tribunal activities.