lemur

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lemur

(lē`mər), name for prosimians, or lower primatesprimate,
member of the mammalian order Primates, which includes humans, apes, monkeys, and prosimians, or lower primates. The group can be traced to the late Cretaceous period, where members were forest dwellers.
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, of two related families, found only on Madagascar and adjacent islands. Lemurs have monkeylike bodies and limbs, and most have bushy tails about as long as the body. They have pointed muzzles and large eyes. The fingers and toes have flat nails, except the second toe, which has a stout claw. Most lemurs lead an arboreal existence. Most lemur species are endangered or threatened, due mainly to habitat destruction.

The woolly lemurs (family Lemuridae) are agile animals with woolly coats. They vary in size from the lesser mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), about 8 in. (20 cm) long including the tail, to some species of common woolly lemur (Lemur) that reach about 4 ft (120 cm) in length. They forage in trees and on the ground in large family groups and engage in social grooming. Most types are active both by day and by night. Their diet, which varies with the species, may include leaves, fruits, eggs, and insects and other small animals. Some build nests of leaves and branches in trees. The best-known species, the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), is atypical, spending most of the time on the ground. Its fur is gray and its tail ringed with black and white stripes.

Members of the other lemur family (Indriidae) are sometimes called silky lemurs. They are larger, slower-moving, strictly vegetarian animals; most have silky coats. One member of this family, the indri (Indri indri), has no tail.

The aye-ayeaye-aye
, name for an aberrant primate, Daubentonia madagascariensis, related to the lemurs but distinguished by its specialized teeth and fingers. A large nocturnal and arboreal primate, it is found in dense bamboo forests in two isolated regions of Madagascar.
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 is closely related to the lemurs. The so-called flying lemurflying lemur,
gliding mammal native to the tropical lowland forests of S Asia, Malaya, and the Philippines. Also called the colugo, the flying lemur is brownish or grayish above and paler below. It ranges in length from 14 to 17 in. (36–43 cm), plus a 12-in. (30-cm) tail.
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 is not a primate, but a member of a different mammalian order. Lemurs are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, families Lemuridae and Indriidae.

Bibliography

See A. Jolly, Lemur Behavior (1966).

Lemur

 

a genus of prosimians of the family Lemuridae. There are five species: the black lemur (L. macaco), the ring-tailed lemur (L. catta), the ruffed lemur (L. variegatus), the red-bellied lemur (L. rubriventer), and the mongoose lemur (L. mongoz) They are distributed on Madagascar and nearby islands.

lemur

[′lē·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for members of the primate family Lemuridae; characterized by long tails, foxlike faces, and scent glands on the shoulder region and wrists.

lemur

1. any Madagascan prosimian primate of the family Lemuridae, such as Lemur catta (the ring-tailed lemur). They are typically arboreal, having foxy faces and long tails
2. any similar or closely related animal, such as a loris or indris

Lemur

A music controller app for iOS and Android from Liine (www.liine.net) that allows users to create a custom mixing panel for their sound devices. Any hardware or software that accepts MIDI or OSC signals can be controlled with Lemur. See OSC and MIDI.
References in periodicals archive ?
The only wild animals that survived are the lemur and its predator, the tree-climbing cat/dog-like animal called the fosa.
As observed in lemurs, less dominant males are often left out of social practices.
People are always surprised by how friendly the ring-tailed lemurs are and that they can get so close to them.
The pair are in Lemur Wood and zoo staff have got their fingers crossed that they'll soon breed.
Ring-tailed lemurs are an endangered species and found only in the forests of southern Madagascar.
The fat-tailed dwarf lemur slows its metabolism into true hibernation, and stays there even when brain monitoring shows it's also sleeping.
Under the terms of the settlement agreement signed between Lemur Resources Limited's Madagascar operating entity, Coal Mining Madagascar S.
36pt " Zoo staff are also trying to raise funds for its new Wildlife Inspiring Learning and Discovery (WILD) centre with a raffle - prizes include Lunch with Lemurs, Breakfast with the Bears and Afternoon Tea with the Chimps.
HEY THERE Lemur appears fascinated with man's camera
We now strive to use the lemurs as the magnet that draws our visitors into a discussion about scientific discovery, biodiversity, and conservation versus talking about the natural history characteristics.
They're working with local communities to set up safe areas for lemurs to live.
For the Love of Lemurs offers an honest and hopeful example of how scientists, governments, and regular people can join together to make a real difference for the planet and all of its inhabitants.