lemur

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lemur

(lē`mər), name for prosimians, or lower primatesprimate,
member of the mammalian order Primates, which includes humans, apes, monkeys, and prosimians, or lower primates. The group can be traced to the late Cretaceous period, where members were forest dwellers.
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, of two related families, found only on Madagascar and adjacent islands. Lemurs have monkeylike bodies and limbs, and most have bushy tails about as long as the body. They have pointed muzzles and large eyes. The fingers and toes have flat nails, except the second toe, which has a stout claw. Most lemurs lead an arboreal existence. Most lemur species are endangered or threatened, due mainly to habitat destruction.

The woolly lemurs (family Lemuridae) are agile animals with woolly coats. They vary in size from the lesser mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), about 8 in. (20 cm) long including the tail, to some species of common woolly lemur (Lemur) that reach about 4 ft (120 cm) in length. They forage in trees and on the ground in large family groups and engage in social grooming. Most types are active both by day and by night. Their diet, which varies with the species, may include leaves, fruits, eggs, and insects and other small animals. Some build nests of leaves and branches in trees. The best-known species, the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), is atypical, spending most of the time on the ground. Its fur is gray and its tail ringed with black and white stripes.

Members of the other lemur family (Indriidae) are sometimes called silky lemurs. They are larger, slower-moving, strictly vegetarian animals; most have silky coats. One member of this family, the indri (Indri indri), has no tail.

The aye-ayeaye-aye
, name for an aberrant primate, Daubentonia madagascariensis, related to the lemurs but distinguished by its specialized teeth and fingers. A large nocturnal and arboreal primate, it is found in dense bamboo forests in two isolated regions of Madagascar.
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 is closely related to the lemurs. The so-called flying lemurflying lemur,
gliding mammal native to the tropical lowland forests of S Asia, Malaya, and the Philippines. Also called the colugo, the flying lemur is brownish or grayish above and paler below. It ranges in length from 14 to 17 in. (36–43 cm), plus a 12-in. (30-cm) tail.
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 is not a primate, but a member of a different mammalian order. Lemurs are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, families Lemuridae and Indriidae.

Bibliography

See A. Jolly, Lemur Behavior (1966).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lemur

 

a genus of prosimians of the family Lemuridae. There are five species: the black lemur (L. macaco), the ring-tailed lemur (L. catta), the ruffed lemur (L. variegatus), the red-bellied lemur (L. rubriventer), and the mongoose lemur (L. mongoz) They are distributed on Madagascar and nearby islands.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lemur

[′lē·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for members of the primate family Lemuridae; characterized by long tails, foxlike faces, and scent glands on the shoulder region and wrists.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

lemur

1. any Madagascan prosimian primate of the family Lemuridae, such as Lemur catta (the ring-tailed lemur). They are typically arboreal, having foxy faces and long tails
2. any similar or closely related animal, such as a loris or indris
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Lemur

A music controller app for iOS and Android from Liine (www.liine.net) that allows users to create a custom mixing panel for their sound devices. Any hardware or software that accepts MIDI or OSC signals can be controlled with Lemur. See OSC and MIDI.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mike Jordan, Chester Zoo's collections director, said: "After overcoming their initial nervousness, Hajao, Rak, Ilo and Pia have settled well into their new home and are getting along famously with their bolshie neighbours - a group of ring-tailed lemurs and five red ruffed lemurs."
They will share their new habitat with two other species of lemur - red ruffed and ring-tailed.
Lemurs are native to Madagascar, and wild populations are under threat.
As we rolled out our foam mats, the lemurs bounded over.
OUR As the temperature dipped, the group gathered in a sunny spot on the ledge of one of the dens in their one-acre Lemur Wood home for a mass cuddle.
One lineage eventually led to the aye-aye, which split from the rest of the lemur family tree 40 million years ago, while the other led to all other lemurs.
Scientists have long known that lemurs' genitals emit a foul-smelling substance.
As for gadgets, aside from good cameras, a good pair of binoculars would help you appreciate the lemurs more as they are often times on top of the trees.
The lemurs have very expressive faces and tails and the story gently encourages persistence and courage as well as giving lots of scope for follow on activities whether practising jumping or having a go at collage.
Klopfer expected much the same from two other dwarf lemurs from an upland forest with cold, wet winters.