Lenard, Philipp Edward Anton Von

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lenard, Philipp Edward Anton Von


Born June 7, 1862, in Pressburg, now Bratislava; died May 20, 1947, in Messelhausen. German physicist.

Lenard studied at the universities of Budapest, Vienna, Berlin, and Heidelberg. He was a professor of physics in Breslau (1894), Aachen (1895), Heidelberg (1896, 1907–1931), and Kiel (1895). In 1909 he was appointed head of the Radiological Institute in Heidelberg. Lenard investigated the nature and properties of cathode rays (Nobel Prize, 1905). He also studied the properties of ultraviolet radiation, the photoelectric effect (he showed experimentally that the velocity of photoelectrons depends only on the frequency v of the light), the mechanism of phosphorescence, and the properties of metals. During the Hitlerite regime he proved to be an active Nazi.


Über Kathodenstrahlen, 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1920.


Naturwissenschaft, 1962, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 245–47.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.