Vladimir Ilyich , original surname Ulyanov. 1870--1924, Russian statesman and Marxist theoretician; first premier of the Soviet Union. He formed the Bolsheviks (1903) and led them in the October Revolution (1917), which established the Soviet Government. He adopted the New Economic Policy (1921) after the Civil War had led to the virtual collapse of the Russian economy, formed the Comintern (1919), and was the originator of the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union, Marxism-Leninism. After the Soviet Union broke up in 1991, many statues of Lenin were demolished
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
an urban-type settlement in Shamkhor Raion, Azerbaijan SSR. Located on the right bank of the Shamkhorchai River (a tributary of the Kura) on the Tbilisi-Baku highway, 10 km from the Shamkhor railroad station. Population, 5,000 (1970). Lenin has a viticulture sovkhoz (with a winery) and a poultry hatchery.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.