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see KhudjandKhudjand,
or Khudzhand
, city (1991 pop. 164,500), capital of Leninobod region, in Tajikistan, on the Syr Darya River at its exit from the Fergana Valley.
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, Tajikistan.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(up to 1936, Khodzhent), a city, the center of Leninabad Oblast, Tadzhik SSR, at the entrance to the Fergana Valley, between spurs of the Turkestan Range and the Mogoltau Mountains. It is situated on the banks of the Syr Darya River, 11 km from the Khavast-Kokand railroad line, to which it is connnected by a branch line. Population, 113,000 (1973; 30,000 in 1897, 37,000 in 1926, and 77,000 in 1959).

Leninabad is one of the oldest cities of Middle Asia. The name Khodzhent is first encountered in written sources of the second half of the seventh century (a great silk route from China to Europe passed through it). The city was repeatedly attacked by foreigners and destroyed and flooded by the waters of the Syr Darya. In the 13th century it heroically resisted the hordes of Genghis Khan. On May 24, 1866, it was occupied by Russian troops and became part of Russia. The uprising against the colonial policies of tsarism which broke out in Khodzhent on July 4, 1916, spread throughout Middle Asia.

Sericulture and handicraft silk-weaving trades have been at a high level of development in the city since antiquity. Soviet power was established in the city in early 1918. On Oct. 2, 1929, the city became part of the Tadzhik SSR. During the prewar five-year plans, the city became a major industrial center for the republic (second in importance to Dushanbe) as a result of socialist transformations.


Leninabad has one of the largest silk combines in the USSR, processing locally produced cocoons and cocoons from Uzbekistan, Turkmenia, and Kazakhstan. It has silkworm-egg and cotton ginning plants and footwear and garment factories. There is food industry (canning and dairy combines and a confectionery plant). The city has a glassware container plant, the Torgmash Plant (producing electric lamps, electric coffee-makers, and thermostats), and a furniture factory. There is a pedagogical institute, an evening textile technicum, construction and accounting-planning technicums, and schools of pedagogy, medicine, and music. There is a musical comedy theater and a museum of history and local lore. A botanical garden of the Academy of Sciences of the Tadzhik SSR is located in Leninabad.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Honaliev's dissertation makes a more explicit call for shifting development away from Dushanbe and Leninabad to regions with a rapidly expanding labor pool but little industrial capacity, but that is still implicit in the recommendations cited here.
"In the Soviet times, this monument was our pride because even the city was called Leninabad," the eyewitness said.
The "clans" of Kulyab, Kurgan-Tyube and Khojent (Leninabad) represented the Russian-backed side.
ASKAR HAKIM (formerly Hakimov) was born in 1946 near Leninabad (now Khujand).
The Aprelevka open pit mine is located in the Khujand (formerly Leninabad) region of northern Tajikistan and is one of four mines which provide ore for the gold concentrator at Kansai, one of the two gold-ore concentrating plants in this Central Asian republic.
Under the Communists, the republic was dominated by the more developed northern region of Leninabad and the southern region of Kulyab.
Tajikistan faces threats from economic mismanagement and the possibility of separatism, particularly by its northern Soghd (formerly Leninabad) region.
Work is underway to expand the Aprelevka open-pit gold mine, in the Leninabad region of northern Tajikistan, as part of a national programme to increase gold output from current levels of 1.3 t/y to 4 t/y within the next five years.
Since independence, gold concentrates have been stockpiled, pending the early 1994 completion of the first gold refinery at Chkalovsk, near Khujand, capital city of the Leninabad region.
The northern town of Khojand (Leninabad) was the recruiting ground for top party cadres and is Nabiyev's power base.
Observers remain concerned about possible secessionism in the northern Soghd (formerly Leninabad) region and in the western Gorno Badakhshan region, and tensions between ethnic Tajiks and Uzbeks within Tajikistan.
The second-largest city is Khujand, formerly Leninabad, with a population near 200,000, many of whom are employed in the historical silk-weaving mills which produce millions of square metres of fine silks annually.