Leningrad Higher Naval Engineering School

Leningrad Higher Naval Engineering School

 

(full name, Admiral S. O. Makarov Leningrad Higher Naval Engineering School), an institution of higher technical education, training engineer navigators (navigation officers and captains of seagoing vessels), ship mechanical engineers, electromechanical engineers, radio engineers, and engineers specializing in hydrography, oceanography, and meteorology.

The school began as the St. Petersburg Nautical Classes, which were founded in 1876 and represented the first merchant marine training institution in the country. In 1954 the Leningrad Higher Nautical School and the School for Arctic Studies (founded 1944–45) were combined under the present name. Among those who have worked in the school are the prominent nautical scientists A. P. Iushchenko, B. I. Kudrevich, N. Iu. Rybaltovskii, and E. Ia. Shchegolev. In 1973 the school had departments of navigation, ship mechanics, electromechanics, radio engineering, and arctic studies, as well as a correspondence department, a graduate school, a branch in Arkhangel’sk, 36 subdepartments, a problems laboratory, a department for scientific research, and vessels of large tonnage used both for training and shipping. The library has more than 200,000 volumes. In the 1972–73 school year approximately 3,000 students were at the school, which had more than 300 teachers, including 32 professors and doctors of science and 132 docents and candidates of science. The school confers candidate’s and doctor’s degrees. It publishes the scientific and engineering collection Sudovozhdenie (Navigation; since 1960) and Sudovye silovye ustanovki (Ship Powerplants; since 1961). Between 1944 and 1973 the school trained approximately 10,000 specialists.

A. V. ZHERLAKOV

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