Leó Frankel

(redirected from Leo Frankel)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Frankel, Leó

 

Born Feb. 25, 1844, in Óbuda; died Mar. 29, 1896, in Paris. Figure in the Hungarian and international working-class movements.

Frankel moved to France in late 1867 and became one of the leaders of the Paris Federation of the First International. In 1869 in London he became acquainted with K. Marx, whose influence was responsible for Frankel’s break with petit bourgeois socialism. An active participant in the popular uprising in Paris on Mar. 18, 1871, Frankel subsequently became one of the leaders of the Paris Commune, to which he was elected from the 13th arrondissement of Paris on Mar. 26, 1871. He became a member of the commune’s Commission on Labor, Industry, and Exchange on March 29 and a member of the Financial Commission on April 5; on April 20 he became a member of the Executive Commission and a delegate (leader) of the Commission on Labor, Industry, and Exchange. Frankel helped develop the commune’s social and economic measures, in particular the decrees on labor. Wounded near the barricades, he fled to Switzerland in May 1871 and was sentenced to death in absentia by a court martial of the Versaillais.

In August 1871, Frankel settled in London and joined the General Council of the International Brotherhood of Workers of the First International as corresponding secretary from Austria-Hungary. Closely associated with Marx and F. Engels, he spoke against the Bakuninists. He was arrested in Vienna in 1876 and extradited to Hungary. After his release, he helped found the Universal Workers’ Party in Hungary in 1880. After 1889 he lived in Paris. Frankel contributed to the French and German socialist press and took part in the first three congresses of the Second International. He was buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris; in March 1968 his remains were moved to Budapest.

REFERENCES

Angran, P. “Neizvestnye stranitsy biografii kommunara Leo Frankelia.” Voprosy istorii, 1956, no. 3.
Aranyossi, M. Frankel Leó. Budapest, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Five years ago no one here was concentrating on smartphones or tablets," says Leo Frankel, director of business development at the Conrad Tokyo.
Leo Frankel cites a downloadable iPhone app Conrad has introduced which works even when a guest is outside the hotel.
Director of Business Development Leo Frankel comments: "I think the Tokyo, or Tokyo/Greater Kanto, market is a sophisticated one that is not only looking for service but for other ways to explore and experience their city." Frankel cites the trend of "experiential travel" which might better be rendered as "peak experiential travel" (since an experience can be good or bad, but a peak experience is, by definition, a high point).
Seven years later, Joshua Henkin has published just such a book in The World Without You, which is set in 2005 on the anniversary of the murder of Leo Frankel, whose story closely mirrors Pearl's.
Leo Frankel's death is alluded to but never actually described; the particular reasons for his murder matter less than the void it has left in the lives of his family: That void, not Iraq or terrorism or anti-Semitism, is Henkin's real subject.
In preparation for its opening, Hilton Worldwide has appointed Ian Barrow as general manager and Leo Frankel as director of business development.