Autism is a result of a neurological disorder that affects behaviour, first recognised by Dr Leo Kanner
In the early 1940s Leo Kanner
and Hans Asperger independently used the term "autistic" to describe children who appeared to have unusual reactions to sensory stimuli, exhibit stereotyped and repetitive behavior, lack imitative responses, desire sameness, and develop strong attachments to objects rather than people (Wing, 1991).
Autism disorder (AD) was first described in 1943 by American child psychologist Leo Kanner
.1 He presented 11 children whose behaviours were obviously different from others.1 Kanner suspected that they had an inborn feature which had prevented their regular social contacts.1 AD is sometimes referred to as early infantile autism, childhood or Kanner's autism.1
reports on his studies of a mental illness in 20 children that causes them to largely ignore the people around them, a disease that would come to be called autism (8/11/45, p.
Today, more than 60 years since US scientist Leo Kanner
first identified autism as a condition, things have moved forward.
, a Baltimore psychiatrist, borrowed this term to describe eleven children who "were oblivious to other people, did not talk or who parroted speech, used idiosyncratic phrases, who lined up toys in long rows and who remembered meaningless facts."