Leo Spitzer


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Spitzer, Leo

 

Born Feb. 7, 1887, in Vienna; died Sept. 16, 1960, in Forte dei Marmi, Italy. Austrian philologist.

Spitzer studied at the universities of Vienna, Paris, Rome, and Leipzig. He became a professor at the universities of Bonn in 1922, Marburg in 1925, and Cologne in 1930. In 1933 he emigrated from fascist Germany and took up a post at the University of Istanbul, and from 1936 to 1956 was a professor at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Spitzer was influenced by the aesthetic idealism of K. Fossler. His principal works dealt with the literary stylistics of Romance languages, particularly French and Spanish; he also did research in various areas of Romance linguistics. Spitzer was the editor of Hugo Schuchardt: Breviary (1922).

WORKS

Aufsätze zur romanischen Syntax und Stilistik. Halle, 1918.
Stilstudien, vols. 1–2. Munich, 1928.
Linguistics and Literary History. Princeton, N.J., 1948.
Essays in Historical Semantics. New York, 1948.
In Russian translation:
“Slovesnoe iskusstvo i nauka o iazyke.” In the collection Problemy literaturnoiformy. Leningrad, 1928.

REFERENCES

Vinokur, G. O. “Epizod ideinoi bor’by v zapadnoi lingvistike.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1957, no. 2.
Wellek, R. “Leo Spitzer (1887–1960).” Comparative Literature, vol. 12, 1960. (Contains bibliography.)
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Venezuela is defined at times by what Leo Spitzer called "chaotic enumeration"--that is, a poetic listing which ultimately makes sense.
As should be clear from his discussion of perspectivism, Gonzalez Echevarria does engage with a few major critics throughout his book such as Leo Spitzer, Erich Auerbach, Rene Girard, and Mikhail Bakhtin, sometimes including lengthy excerpts from their work.
In "What's Wrong with This Picture?," coauthored by Hirsch and her partner, historian Leo Spitzer, the authors demonstrate how an analog photograph of Hirsch's parents taken in 1942 Czernowitz operates as a "point of memory" and instrument of transmitting the parents' trauma (61).
Por su parte, el romanista rumano Demetrio Gazdaru se inscribe en lo que Leo Spitzer (1954), que habia abandonado Alemania en 1933 en circunstancias analogas a las de Terracini, caracterizo, en una resena al homenaje al linguista aleman Fritz Kruger, instalado luego de la segunda guerra mundial en Mendoza, como una "segunda capa de refugiados".
Her study of a photograph of her parents, in a chapter written jointly with Leo Spitzer, is one of the book's liveliest; it continually thematizes the encounter with hermeneutic limits.
Beginning with Diana Taylor's account of visiting Villa Grimaldi in Chile, a former torture and extermination camp, and then Marianne Hirsch and Leo Spitzer's erudite discussion of school photographs, this section reconsiders the power of the personal to reshape dominant histories, particularly in a national context.
Musa completed his doctorate in Italian Studies in 1961 at the Johns Hopkins University, where he studied with Leo Spitzer, Charles Singleton, and Anna Granville Hatcher before coming to Indiana University in the same year.
Others as different in their approaches as Leo Spitzer, William Empson, C.
Erich Auerbach belongs with that group of scholars whose approach to literature and culture has been described as "stylistic." Many Americans are already familiar with this approach; they have met in the work of Curtius, Leo Spitzer, Helmut Hatzfeld, and Ulrich Leo.