Léon Brunschvicg

(redirected from Leon Brunschvicg)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brunschvicg, Léon

 

Born Nov. 10, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 18, 1944. French philosopher. Representative of so-called critical rationalism. From 1909 a professor at the Sorbonne.

Brunschvicg asserted the need to introduce the scientific method into philosophy in The Modality of Judgment (1897). However, for Brunschvicg, who had been influenced by the transcendental idealism of I. Kant, the scientific method (science) was the activity of reason, which is independent of the objective world, and which itself establishes the principles of its movement. These ideas were set forth in Introduction to the Life of the Spirit (1900). Brunschvicg, furthermore, was naively and optimistically convinced that the development of scientific knowledge ensures moral progress. According to Brunschvicg, reason, which gradually passes from direct perception of the external traits of reality to an ever more profound knowledge of its essence, also has an ethical function, leading toward refinement of conscience and recognition of moral autonomy as well as other spiritual values.

WORKS

Les Progrès de la conscience dans la philosophic occidentale. Paris, 1927.
Les Étapes de la philosophic mathématique, 3rd ed. Paris, 1929.
La Raison et la religion. Paris, 1939.

REFERENCE

Deschoux, M. La Philosophic de L. Brunschvicg. Paris, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
First comes the rationalist assault in 1931 (Emile Brehier and Leon Brunschvicg), followed by responses by Etienne Gilson and Jacques Maritain, and then Maurice Blondel's contribution.
The immediate interest of this pamphlet lies in Blanchot's self-positioning vis-a-vis intellectual figures such as Simone Well, Leon Brunschvicg, Drieu La Rochelle, Rene Char, Levinas, and still others, and in his three summary conclusions.