Léon Brunschvicg

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Brunschvicg, Léon


Born Nov. 10, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 18, 1944. French philosopher. Representative of so-called critical rationalism. From 1909 a professor at the Sorbonne.

Brunschvicg asserted the need to introduce the scientific method into philosophy in The Modality of Judgment (1897). However, for Brunschvicg, who had been influenced by the transcendental idealism of I. Kant, the scientific method (science) was the activity of reason, which is independent of the objective world, and which itself establishes the principles of its movement. These ideas were set forth in Introduction to the Life of the Spirit (1900). Brunschvicg, furthermore, was naively and optimistically convinced that the development of scientific knowledge ensures moral progress. According to Brunschvicg, reason, which gradually passes from direct perception of the external traits of reality to an ever more profound knowledge of its essence, also has an ethical function, leading toward refinement of conscience and recognition of moral autonomy as well as other spiritual values.


Les Progrès de la conscience dans la philosophic occidentale. Paris, 1927.
Les Étapes de la philosophic mathématique, 3rd ed. Paris, 1929.
La Raison et la religion. Paris, 1939.


Deschoux, M. La Philosophic de L. Brunschvicg. Paris, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yo no se si Leon Brunschvicg es hoy suficientemente conocido por quienes hacen filosofia fuera de Francia.
En un debate famoso, durante el Congreso Internacional de Filosofia de 1937, Gabriel Marcel habia respondido al espinocista Leon Brunschchvicg, que afirmaba que "la muerte de Gabriel Marcel preocupa mucho mas a Gabriel Marcel de lo que la muerte de Leon Brunschvicg preocupa a Leon Brunschvicg", que, en realidad, lo que le preocupaba era, no su propia muerte, sino la muerte del otro, la muerte del ser que se ama.
Et Leon Brunschvicg explique fort bien: La base historique du leibnizianisme doit etre cherechee la oo la caracteristique a inmediatement reussi a manifester sa vitalite et sa fecondite, c'est-a-dire dans l'etablissement de l' algorithme differentiel.