Leonard James Callaghan
Callaghan, Leonard James
Born Mar. 27, 1912, in Portsmouth. British state and political figure.
Callaghan, son of a naval petty officer, became a tax officer on completing secondary school at the age of 16. In 1936 he became a full-time trade union official. He served in the navy during World War II, and in 1945 he was elected a Labour member of the House of Commons. Callaghan became a member of the party’s National Executive Committee in 1957. Under H. Wilson, he served as chancellor of the exchequer from 1964 to 1967, home secretary from 1967 to 1970, and secretary of state for foreign and Commonwealth affairs from 1974 to 1976. From 1976 to 1979, Callaghan was prime minister of Great Britain, and from 1976 to 1980 he was leader of the Labour Party.