Leonardo Bruni

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bruni, Leonardo


(also Aretino). Born 1370 or 1374, in Arezzo; died Mar. 8, 1444, in Florence. Italian humanist, writer, and historian.

At the basis of Bruni’s world view was faith in the infinite creative potential of man and in his agelong striving for the good. In his moral-philosophical and pedagogical treatises he upheld the idea of the development of the personality in all its aspects and condemned asceticism. Though Bruni highly valued classical Latin, he came to the defense of Italian as the language of learning and literature. He wrote a number of works in the Italian vernacular: The Life of Dante, The Life of Petrarch, and the novella entitled The Story of Antiochus, Son of Seleucus. Bruni’s Latin works include the comedy Polyxena and The Speech of Heliogabalus. Bruni translated the works of Plato and Aristotle into Latin. His essay On Correct Translation is one of the first attempts to create a theory of translation. In his political pamphlets Bruni attacked tyranny and defended the republican order. In his works of history (for example, The History of Florence and Notes on the Events of My Times) Bruni approached his sources critically and attempted to reveal the causes of historical events and phenomena. Stressing the importance of civil liberties in the history of Florence, Bruni regarded the city as the heir to the republican traditions of ancient Rome, called upon to defend these liberties in the struggle with the tyrants of Milan.


Humanistisch-philosophische Schriften. Edited by H. Baron. Leipzig, 1928.
Historiarum lorentini populi. [Bologna] 1926.
Commentarius rerum suo tempore gestarum. Bologna, 1926.


Korelin, M. Rannii ital’ianskii gumanizm i ego istoriografiia, vol. 4. St. Petersburg, 1914. Pages 22-138.
Rossi, V. Il quattrocento. [Milan] 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the topics are translating Aristotle in 15th-century Italy: George of Trebizond and Leonardo Bruni, a knowing likeness: artists and letterati at the Farnese Court in mid-16th-century Rome, Greek antiquities and Greek histories in the late Renaissance, defining philosophy in 15th-century humanism: four case studies, and Justus Lipsius as historian of philosophy: the reception of the Manuductio ad stoicam philosophiam (1604) in the history of philosophy.
(5) ?Que podriamos entonces decir de la labor de los biografos de Aristoteles en el Renacimiento bajo esta problematica, en particular de la biografia que realizo Leonardo Bruni? Suele considerarse a Bruni como precursor de las tecnicas historiograficas modernas y por tanto de lo que suele llamarse "biografia historica academica" (BHA).
Con il sorgere della storiografia, nell'ambito di un interesse generale per gli scritti originali dei Romani e dei Greci, si svolse una famosa discussione tra Flavio Biondo (1392-1463) e Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444) sulla situazione linguistica nell'antichitAaAaAeA romana.
Dale Kent, for example, reads a variety of sources to demonstrate the way Cosimo il Vecchio de' Medici exemplified and utilized the dual, mutually reinforcing ideals of patriarchy and patronage in the early fifteenth century, while Gary Ianziti explores how Leonardo Bruni's History of the Florentine People provided a usable past for the political culture of the emergent Florentine oligarchy.
Sozomeno was not, to be sure, a superstar scholar like Poggio Bracciolini, Leonardo Bruni, or Lorenzo Valla, but he is an excellent representative of the middle to upper middle register of learning at the dawn of humanism.
No es posible referir los matices y precisiones de este intelectual que se carteo con Leonardo Bruni e hizo valer las prerrogativas de su soberano en Basilea.
Thus it is obvious, for example, that a significant transformation took place in perceiving and writing about the past between the first attempts to approach history in light of the new sources on Classical and medieval periods, associated with the names of Leonardo Bruni, Flavio Biondo and a few others, and the approaches of scholars of the 18th century like Du Tillemont whose Roman history became a foundation for modern Classical scholarship and inspired Gibbon in his studies.
No artigo "El Fedon y la educacion para la (no-) muerte en la Espana Quinientista", Edrisi Fernandes, baseando-se na traducao para o castelhano do Fedon (1446-1447, a partir da versao latina de Leonardo Bruni [Leonardo de Arezzo/Arecio; Leonardo Aretino]) de Pero Diaz de Toledo (c.
Here Gentile found a series of congenial themes expressed in the antischolastic campaigns conducted by heroic figures like Francis Petrarch, Leonardo Bruni, and Lorenzo Valla.
Here Vivanti examines the manner in which Machiavelli differs from his predecessors, Poggio Bracciolini and Leonardo Bruni, in offering a history of this key Renaissance city, finding, for example, that Machiavelli was highly critical of the Medici family, even when one of its members provided Machiavelli with the commission to write this very work.
Elisa Bor sari, <<Vidas paralelas>> de Leonardo Bruni. Traducciones castellanas medievales, San Millan de la Cogolla, Cilengua, 2013,139 pp.