Born Oct. 18, 1895, in Bîrlad; died Apr. 13, 1922, in Bucharest. Figure in the Rumanian labor movement.
Filipescu was the son of a worker. While in the army during World War I he disseminated antimilitary propaganda among the soldiers. From 1918 to 1921 he helped lead the left wing of the Social Democratic Party. He helped organize the October General Strike of 1920 and the First Congress of the Communist Party of Rumania (CPR) in 1921. He joined the CPR at its founding. In October 1921, Filipescu was arrested by the Rumanian secret police and was killed ostensibly for attempting to escape.