Leopold Gmelin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gmelin, Leopold


Born Aug. 2, 1788, in Göttingen; died Apr. 13, 1853, in Heidelberg. German chemist. From 1814 to 1851 a professor at the University of Heidelberg.

Gmelin’s Manual of Theoretical Chemistry (vols. 1-2, 1817-19; 4th ed., vols. 1-6, 1843-55) contains all the experimental data on inorganic and organic chemistry known at that time. After Gmelin’s death the part of his manual on inorganic chemistry was updated several times. The last (eighth) edition, begun in 1924, is the most complete of all existing handbooks on inorganic chemistry.


Handbuch der theoretischen Chemie, vols. 1-6, 4th ed. Heidelberg, 1843-55.
Handbuch der anorganischen Chemie: System-Nummer 1-70, 8th ed. Berlin, 1924. (Edition in progress.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Thanks to the Gmelin Institute in Frankfurt for publishing a facsimile edition of Handbuch der theoretischen Chemie by Leopold Gmelin who held the first chair of chemistry at the University of Heidelberg in Germany.