Léopold Sédar Senghor

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Senghor, Léopold Sédar

 

Born Oct. 9, 1906, in Joal, Senegal. Senegalese state figure, philosopher, and poet.

Senghor graduated from the faculty of letters of the Sorbonne in 1933, and between 1935 and 1958 he taught at various educational institutions in France, except during the period 1939 to 1942. From 1939 to 1940 he served in the French Army, and from 1940 to 1942 he was a prisoner of the Germans; he subsequently took part in the French Resistance movement.

From 1936 to 1948, Senghor was a member of the French Socialist Party. In 1948 he founded the party known as the Senegalese Democratic Bloc; in 1959 the party was reorganized as the Senegalese Progressive Union and in 1976 as the Socialist Party of Senegal. Senghor became its secretary-general in 1959. Between 1945 and 1960 he held a number of ministerial posts in France. From Apr. 4, 1959, through Aug. 20, 1960, he served as president of the Federal Assembly of the Mali Federation. In September 1960, he was elected president of the Republic of Senegal, and from December 1962 to February 1970 he was both president of the country and head of the government. Senghor is one of the originators of the concept of negritude, which asserts the uniqueness of Africa’s historical destiny and the uniqueness of the psychological makeup of the African personality.

Senghor’s participation in the Resistance movement is reflected in his poetic cycle Hosties Noires (1948). Senghor is also the author of the verse collections Chants d’ombre (1945) and Chants pour Naett (1949), the dramatic poem Chaka (1949), which deals with the heroic past of the African peoples, and other works.

Senghor holds honorary doctorates from a number of univer sities, including those of Paris and Strasbourg. He is a foreign member of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1969).

WORKS

Nation et voie africaine du socialisme. Paris, 1961.
On African Socialism. New York-London [1964].
La Négritude est un humanisme du XX siècle. Dakar, 1971.
Poèmes. Paris, 1974.
In Russian translation:
Pesn’nochi i solntsa. [Afterword by M. Malyshev.] Moscow, 1965.
Izbrannaia lirika. [Foreword by M. Vaksmakher.] Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Potekhina, G. I. Ocherki sovremennoi literatury Zapadnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1968.
Sovremennye literatury Afriki. Moscow, 1973–74.
Guibert, A. L. S. Senghor. (Poétes d’aujourd’hui.) Paris, 1962.
Leusse, H. de. L. S. Senghor, I’Africain. [Paris, 1967.]
Mezu, S. O. L. S. Senghor. Paris [1968]. (Contains a bibliography on pp. 207–29).
References in periodicals archive ?
It took the scholarly interventions of African historians, anthropologists, novelists and leaders like Prof Omoniyi Adewoye, a legal historian; Bolaji Idowu; Leopold Sedar Senghor and his Negritude and Nwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere and his ujamaa (socialism) etc whose theories rekindled hope of the African in Africa.
Earlier upon arrival at the Leopold Sedar Senghor Airbase, the Emir and the accompanying delegation were welcomed by the Senegal President, Senegal Prime Minister Mahammed Dionne, ministers, Qatar's Ambassador to Senegal HE Saree bin Ali al Qahtani, Ambassador of Senegal to Qatar HE Mamadou Mamdo Sall, and members of the Qatari embassy.
A partir du 10 decembre 2017, tous les vols deTunisairde et vers l'aeroport Leopold Sedar Senghor a Dakar (Senegal) seront transferes vers le nouvel aeroport international Blaise Diagne situe dans la meme ville, a fait savoir la compagnie dans un communique.
Located about 50 kilometers from the Senegalese capital, the new airport opened Thursday, December 7, 2017, to accommodate passengers following the conversion of Leopold Sedar Senghor Airport into a military airport, the company added.
The concept of Negritude developed by the Martinican Aime Cesaire 1945 and the Senegalese poet and Politician Leopold Sedar Senghor (Senghor 1977) was the most pronounced assertion of the distinctive qualities of Black culture and identity.
This was the time of Leopold Sedar Senghor and the Pan-Africanist idea of Negritude.
Le Grand Prix Leopold Sedar Senghor de la biennale a ete decerne a l'ouverture de la biennale, le 3 mai dernier, a l'Egyptien Youssef Limoud qui succede a l'Algerien Driss Ouadahi.
Keywords: Chaka, Francophonie, Leopold Sedar Senghor, Negritude, Thomas Mofolo, transculturation,
Contract notice: Project management mission for the study and implementation of a north-south link road connecting the street leopold sedar senghor at the avenue andre leotard - gallieni-valescure neighborhood.
Grand amoureux d'Asilah, il lui a offert, en 1990, le design de la chaussee de la Place Leopold Sedar Senghor, situee en plein centre-ville.
This line of thought is evident in the works of the Senegalese poet, politician, and cultural theorist Leopold Sedar Senghor.
The second section of the book features five chapters that offer case studies of authors in the Three Crowns series by zooming in on Leopold Sedar Senghor, Obi Egbuna, Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin, Oswald Mtshali, John Pepper Clark, Barbara Kimenye, Raymond Sarif Easmon, Athol Fugard and Wole Soyinka.