Lepanto


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Lepanto

1. a port in W Greece, between the Gulfs of Corinth and Patras: scene of a naval battle (1571) in which the Turkish fleet was defeated by the fleets of the Holy League. Pop.: 8170 (latest est.)
2. Gulf of. another name for the (Gulf of) Corinth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lepanto

 

medieval name for the city of Navpaktos, Greece.

On Oct. 7, 1571, the last major battle of oar-propelled vessels in the Mediterranean Sea was fought at the entrance to the Gulf of Patras, 60 km from Lepanto. Part of the Cypriot War of 1570–73, the battle was fought between Turkey and the Holy League, which was composed of Venice, Spain, the Papal States, Malta, and a number of Italian states, including Genoa, Naples, Sicily, Savoy, Tuscany, and Parma. The Turkish fleet (composed of 210 galleys and 66 galliots and commanded by Ali Pasha Muedin Zade) attacked the allied fleet (composed of 207 galleys and six galleasses and commanded by John of Austria, the brother of the Spanish king Philip II).

The six Venetian galleasses, which were in the front of the galleys, broke up with artillery fire the battle formation of the Turkish fleet, which had no artillery. However, the Turkish forces began boarding the galleys of the enemy’s first line. The ships of both sides carried 25,000 soldiers each, not counting sailors. But most of the Turkish soldiers were armed with silent weapons and arrows, whereas the soldiers of the allied fleet had harquebuses, helmets, defensive armament, and shields to protect against arrows. As a result, the Turkish fleet was routed, losing 224 ships, of which 117 were captured; the allies lost 15 galleys. However, the battle of Lepanto had almost no influence on the course of the war. Taking advantage of the lack of unity among the allies, Turkey created a new fleet and won the war. By the peace treaty of 1573, Venice ceded the island of Cyprus to Turkey.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Galvez said Robertson and five Filipino employees took off from Manila, but two of the Filipino passengers were left at the Lepanto office in Poro Point, La Union.
The Battle of Lepanto occurs in 15 71; Bizari's account of it is written shortly thereafter in 1573, an account that James uses in writing `Lepanto'.
Yet despite the transient nature of the victory at Lepanto, we should not forget that to contemporaries the victory seemed to mark a turning point in the fortunes of Christendom.
Nurtured by Lepanto Mining, the Gambang Theater Guild is a school-based theater arts group that has been gaining nationwide recognition.
Like the Battle of Lepanto, the defeat of the 'formidable flotilla' of Dutch Protestant ships in Manila in 1646 is attributed as 'victory for the rosary' by Fr.
(5) Lepanto Institute, "US Catholic Priests Conspiring To Create 'Priestless Parishes' Run by 'Deaconesses,'" Nov.
1571: The Battle of Lepanto was fought, when allied Christian naval forces defeated the Ottoman Turks.
bishops' overseas relief agency, investigated allegations raised by Michael Hichborn of the Lepanto Institute.
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Ladysmith; 2 Surrealism; 3 Napoleon Bonaparte; 4 Lepanto; 5 Softball; 6 The Railway Children; 7 Parquetry; 8 The sonnet; 9 Home and Away; 10 Balsa wood.
The option agreements were entered into with two companies, Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company, a company listed in the Philippines, and Liberty Express Assets, a private holding company.