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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(self-designation, Rong), one of the Himalayan peoples living for the most part in the principality of Sikkim, although isolated groups live in West Bengal (India), eastern Nepal, and western Bhutan. Total population, circa 40,000 (1967, estimate).

The Lepcha language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family; the Lepcha have had their own written language since the 16th century. They have been Lamaists since the mid-17th century, but they still retain many animistic religious beliefs. Their principal occupation is terrace farming and, to a lesser extent, slash-and-burn agriculture (rice, corn, buckwheat, and millet); less important livelihoods are hunting, fishing, and stock-raising.


Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The SDF MLAs, who joined the BJP, are Dorjee Tshering Lepcha, Ugyen Tshering Gyatso, Narendra Kumar Subba, Dilli Ram Thapa, Karma Sonam Lepcha, Krishna Bahadur Rai, Tashi Thendup Bhutia, Farwanti Tamang, Pintso Namgyal Lepcha and Raj Kumari Thapa.
Caption: Local mushroom in habitat, by Celestina Lepcha, 2013.
chairpack "I found this incredible woman; she's a descendent of the Lepchas, the original inhabitants of Sikkim who used to live in the forests and have been forced out to live in villages.
These days, mostly Lepcha settlements are found around Khecheopalri Lake and only a few Bhutia who married Lepchas are believed to have survived the dreadful curse,].
In Jirmale, the majority of people consist of indigenous groups comprised of ethnicities including Rai, Tamang, Magar, Gurung, Lepcha and Newars.
This is comparable with the data on the Mansi (105 motifs) and the Lamuts (87 motifs) while the corresponding numbers for the Lepcha (Nepal), Northern Naga (near the border between India and Myanmar), Thai (Thailand) and Karens (Myanmar) are 52, 42, 37 and 25.
But on the facts assimilated from the archeological relics found in Badamtam it can be assumed that there was a mixed culture in the undivided Sikkim which dates back to the 12th Century where we found the traces of the Magar, the Lepcha and Limbu Kings ruling in this part of the universe.
I'm curious about the food--as I'm told by Chef Marshel Lepcha that it's a shift from the comfort food served in Adchini and the focus here is Pan Asian.
The Lepcha tribe (present habitat in Sikkim, India), before coming to their present habitat moved through and settled in various places like Thailand, Myanmar, Bhutan, and Assam (India) during their migration [8].
By asking the people to stay indoors in the name of agitation, the GJM is pursuing an "autocratic" style of governance even after the GTA was formed as per its wishes, the chief minister said here during a felicitation by the Lepcha community.