Lepidium


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lepidium

 

a genus of plants of the family Cruciferae. They are annual, biennial, or perennial grasses; some are subshrubs. The small flowers are in racemous inflorescences. The petals are white; at times they are absent. The fruit is a silicle with two seeds. There are more than 150 species, distributed throughout the world except for the arctic regions. Approximately 35 species are found in the USSR, primarily in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. These plants generally grow in dry regions. The most common species are dittander (Lepidium latifolium) and the narrow-leaved pepperwort (L. ruderale). Dittander is used for salads and as a spice. Narrow-leaved pepperwort has a strong unpleasant odor and is sometimes used as an insect repellent. Another species that is often cultivated is garden cress (L. sativum).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of plant growth promoting activity and heavy metal tolerance of psychrotrophic bacteria associated with maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) rhizosphere.
Vega et al., "Effect of Lepidium meyenii (MACA) on sexual desire and its absent relationship with serum testosterone levels in adult healthy men," Andrologia, vol.
i.p., intraperitoneal injection; ConA, concanavalin A; Maca, Lepidium meyenii Walp; H&E, hematoxylin and eosin.
Protective effect of polysaccharide from maca ( Lepidium meyenii ) on hep-G2 cells and alcoholic liver oxidative injury in mice.
Materials and methods: Thirty (30) adult male Wistar rats weighing 157[+ or -]51g were randomly assigned to five groups of six rats each as Normal control, Diabetic control, Diabetics supplemented with Lepidium sativum extract, Diabetics treated with insulin, and Normal rats supplemented with Lepidium sativum.
O Lepidium Meyenii Walp, tambem conhecido como Maca Peruana, e um vegetal nativo da regiao dos Andes no Peru que possivelmente apresenta propriedades afrodisiacas, contribuindo para o aumento do desejo sexual, que em tese, estimularia a producao hormonal e influenciaria no metabolismo corporal, estimulando o ganho de massa muscular (Celloni, 2014).
The phytotoxicity of the algal extracts was evaluated in the germination tests on garden cress (Lepidium sativum).
Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.), a biennial herbaceous plant of the family brassicae, which is cultivated mainly in the central Andes of Peru at elevations of 3500-4500 m above sea level, has been used as both a food and a traditional medicine in the region for over 2000 years [1].
Mohammadifar, "Dilute solution, flow behavior, thixotropy and viscoelastic characterization of cress seed (Lepidium sativum) gum fractions," Food Hydrocolloids, vol.