Lepidium


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Lepidium

 

a genus of plants of the family Cruciferae. They are annual, biennial, or perennial grasses; some are subshrubs. The small flowers are in racemous inflorescences. The petals are white; at times they are absent. The fruit is a silicle with two seeds. There are more than 150 species, distributed throughout the world except for the arctic regions. Approximately 35 species are found in the USSR, primarily in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. These plants generally grow in dry regions. The most common species are dittander (Lepidium latifolium) and the narrow-leaved pepperwort (L. ruderale). Dittander is used for salads and as a spice. Narrow-leaved pepperwort has a strong unpleasant odor and is sometimes used as an insect repellent. Another species that is often cultivated is garden cress (L. sativum).

References in periodicals archive ?
Maca ( Lepidium meyenii ) and yacon ( Smallanthus sonchifolius ) in combination with silymarin as food supplements: In vivo safety assessment.
Conclusion: Lepidium sativum extract shows efficacy in the prevention and management of diabetes mellitus and its related complications.
Kham, Chemical Profiling and Standardization of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) by Reversed Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Chem.
Generative meristem, anther sevelopment and microsprojenesis in lepidium sativum L.
motherwort Lepidium densiflorum Schrader pepper-grass Leptochloa fusca (L.
Familia Genero 2011 2012 Total Asteraceae Senecio 20 5 25 Plantaginaceae Plantago 11 - 11 Malvaceae Nototriche 9 1 10 Poaceae Calamagrostis 5 4 9 Asteraceae Werneria 5 4 9 Solanaceae Solanum 8 - 8 Fabaceae Astragalus 7 - 7 Asteraceae Perezia 4 2 6 Malvaceae Tarasa 4 2 6 Valerianaceae Valeriana 5 1 6 Asteraceae Baccharis 5 - 5 Iridaceae Sisyrinchium 2 3 5 Brassicaceae Lepidium 2 3 5 Cactaceae Cumulopuntia 3 2 5 Oxalidaceae Oxalis 3 2 5 Asteraceae Xenophyllum 1 3 4 Poaceae Poa 2 2 4 Caryophyllaceae Paronychia 2 2 4 Asteraceae Hypochaeris 4 - 4 Figura 1.
Lepidium austrinum Small (southern pepperweed; TAC 4388) was common in sandy disturbed areas in the riparian zone of the Brazos River.
Saline pine bark produced the greatest inhibition of seed germination and root growth in Sinapis alba, while fresh pine needles resulted in the greatest inhibition of Lepidium sativum and Sorghum saccharatum.
The limits of Lepidium (Brassicaceae) were initially expanded by Al-Shehbaz et al.