Lepidosauria


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Lepidosauria

[‚lep·ə·dō′sȯr·ē·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
A subclass of reptiles in which the skull structure is characterized by two temporal openings on each side which have reduced bony arcades, and by the lack of an antorbital opening in front of the orbit.

Lepidosauria

 

a subclass of reptiles, first appearing in the Permian period. Ancient lepidosaurians closely resembled the cotylosaurs, whose descendants they probably are. The skull of lepidosaurians, as in the archosaurians, with which they were previously classified, initially had two temporal arcades; but with the development of a movable articulation of the cranial bones (kinetism), the lower arcade was lost in lizards and both were lost in snakes. Mostly predators, either terrestrial or aquatic, the lepidosaurians comprise the Eosuchia, the Saura, the Serpentes, and a few other groups. Their significance for stratigraphy is small; an exception are the Mosasauridae, giant marine lizards of the late Cretaceous.

REFERENCES

Osnovy paleontologii: zemnovodnye, presmykaiushchiesia i ptitsy. Moscow, 1964.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A new sphenodontian (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia) from the McCoy Brook Formation (Lower Jurassic) of Nova Scotia, Canada.
The alternative to the Linnaean system, as proposed by the advocates of phylogenetic nomenclature, is an approach in which taxa (lineages) are defined on the basis of their relationships to one another, under the model indicated above for Lepidosauria and Mammalia.
(1984): The classification of the Lepidosauria. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 82: 87-100.
At the base, in the Rabejac Fm, both reptilians (Pelycosauria, Parareptilia, Lepidosauria), and amphibians (Temnospondyls) show a moderate size ranging from decimetric to metric; the latters being less abundant and diversified.