Garden Cress

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Related to Lepidum sativum: garden cress
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Garden Cress

 

or garden peppergrass (Lepidium sativum) an annual plant of the family Cruciferae. The stalk is 30-60 cm tall and profusely branched. The lower leaves are petiolar and either pinnately lobed or entire (depending on the variety); the upper ones are sessile and entire. The numerous flowers are white. The fruit is a small silicle.

Garden cress is an early ripening, cold-resistant plant. It is native to northeastern and southern Africa and Southwest Asia. It is cultivated in Western Europe, Asia (Afghanistan, Iran, Syria, India, China, and Japan), and Northern America (USA and Canada). In the USSR it is grown in Middle Asia, southern Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The leaves contain mineral salts, vitamin C, carotene, iodine, and iron; they are used in salads and soups and as meat seasoning. Garden cress may be grown all year in open, protected ground.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.