(1976): The phylogeny and biogeography of Fossil and Recent Gars (Actinopterygii: Lepisosteidae
In summary, this study provides some noteworthy geographic distribution records for 17 taxa of Arkansas fishes within seven families (Atherinopsidae, Catostomidae, Cyprinidae, Fundulidae, Lepisosteidae
, Percidae, Petromyzontidae) from 15 counties of the state.
A standardized procedure for internal sex identification in Lepisosteidae
. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 21, 956-961.
Orden Familia Especie Lepisosteiformes Lepisosteidae
Lepisisteus osseus Acipenseriformes Polyodontidae Polyodon spathula Cyprinodontiformes Fundulidae Fundulus heteroclitus Poeciliidae Gambusia affinis Gambusia holbrooki Girardinus microdactylus Girardinus denticulatus Cyprinidae Siphateles bicolor Gasterostiformes Gasterosteidea Gasterosteus aculeatus Gadiformes Moridae Lepidion guentheri Scorpaeniformes Liparidae Elassodiscus tremebundus Careproctus cyclocephalus Scorpaenidae Sebastolobus macrochir Perciformes Epinephelidae Cephalopholis fulva Letthrinidae Lethrinus nebulosus.
Consequently, the Lano material is here referred to an indeterminate Lepisosteidae
. Gar remains are not uncommon in the Late Cretaceous deposits of Europe, but generally not complete enough for being identified at the generic and specific level (see Cavin, 1999 and references).
Opportunities to assess total growth of individuals of any large-bodied fish from the initial fertilized embryo in the wild to recruitment size are rare, particularly for non-game fishes or those lacking substantial commercial harvest, such as the gars (Lepisosteidae
) of North America.
, Catostomidae, Characidae, Ictaluridae, Fundulidae, Percidae, and Cichlidae each comprised less than 2% of the overall assemblage.
Seven families were restricted to tidal-creek habitats: minnows (Cyprinidae), sunfishes (Centrarchidae), killifishes (Cyprinodontidae), gars (Lepisosteidae
), eagle rays (Myliobatidae), pikes (Esocidae), and livebearers (Poeciliidae; Table 2).
A new species of the genus Argulus (Crustacea: Branchiura) parasitic on Atractosteus tropicus (Pisces: Lepisosteidae
) from Tabasco, Mexico.
However, studies of gar, family Lepisosteidae
, are lacking in the literature, particularly work on alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula) that are considered threatened or extirpated in most areas in which they inhabit.