Lepontine Alps


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lepontine Alps

 

a mountain range in the Western Alps on the Italo-Swiss border, between Simplon Pass in the west and the Lower Rhine in the East. Length, approximately 130 km; altitude, up to 3,578 m. The range is composed of granites, gneisses, and schists. The narrow ridges have sharp, alpine summits. There are small glaciers and perpetual snows. Broad-leaved and coniferous forests are found on the slopes; at heights exceeding 1,600–1,800 m there are mountain shrubs and meadows. Highways and railroad tunnels run through the St. Gotthard and Simplon passes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.