Leporidae


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Related to Leporidae: Oryctolagus, Ochotonidae, atomic number 102

Leporidae

[lə′pȯr·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of mammals in the order Lagomorpha including the rabbits and hares.

Leporidae

 

a family of mammals of the order of Lagomorpha. There are eight genera: the hares (one genus), the bristly rabbits (three genera), and the rabbits (four genera); they encompass 50 species. Individual species have adapted to fast running, digging, swimming, and clambering. They are found throughout the world except the island of Madagascar, the southern regions of South America, and Antarctica. Leporidae live in the most diverse conditions. They feed on grassy plants and the roots, buds, and branches of varieties of trees. They multiply as often as four times annually, bearing two to eight (and up to 15) offspring.

Hares lead a very mobile and individual life, without permanent shelter. The young are born directly onto the ground, open-eyed, covered with fur, and capable of locomotion. They can feed themselves when only a few days old.

Rabbits live in burrows in colonies. Their young are born naked, blind, and helpless. Many species of Leporidae are exploited commercially or for sport; some species have been acclimatized by man for such purposes, such as the true rabbit and the hare. Some species cause great damage to pastures, fruit orchards, and forest plantings. Individual species spread the carriers of natural infectious diseases. Five species of Leporidae are found in the USSR: the Manchurian hare (Caprolagus brachyurus), the Old World rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), the white hare (Lepus timidus), the brown hare (L. europaeus), and the Tolai hare (L. tolai).

O. L. ROSSOLIMO

References in periodicals archive ?
La liebre europea Lepus europaeus (Mammalia, Leporidae), especie invasora en el sur del Peru.
Las familias con mayor valor de uso fueron Columbidae (10,07), Leporidae (7,46), Viperidae (6,23), Iguanidae (5,92) y Cervidae (5,69), y las especies con los valores de uso mas altos fueron S.
Rabbit--Any of certain small mammals of the family Leporidae. Hare and rabbit are often used interchangeably.
Besides human blood, identified residues include the blood of sturgeon (Acipenseridae), deer (Cervidae), rabbit (Leporidae), bear (Ursus), "cat" (Felidae) and "mouse" (Rodentia).
Gray, 1842 1 0.2 0.01 Mephitidae Conepatus semistriatus (Boddaert, 1785) 43 8.9 0.53 Mustelidae Galictis cuja (Molina, 1782) 4 0.8 0.04 Procyonidae Procyon cancrivorus 20 4.1 0.24 (Cuvier, 1798) Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 * 1 0.2 0.01 Rodentia (non identified species) 4 0.8 0.04 Caviidae Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) 13 2.7 0.16 Erethizontidae Coendou prehensilis (Linnaeus, 1758) 3 0.6 0.03 1.
flying squirrel (Glaucomys salmnus) 1 Unknown Sciuridae 5 Muridae 1 1% 8 9% Erethizontidae 1 1% Porcupine (Erithizon dorsatum) 1 Unknown Rodentia 4 5% Leporidae 2 3% Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) 2 Ochotonidae 2 3% 2 2% Pika (Ochotona princeps) 2 2 Phasianidae 3 4% Corvidae 1 1% 1 1% Canidae Mustelidae 1 1% Summer Fobs (n = 24) Scat (n = 10) Family/Species No.
brasiliensis meridensis Thomas, 1904 (Lagomorpha: Leporidae) en Mucubaji, Merida, Venezuela.
Leporidae.--The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is the only species of rabbit present and is very common on the IAA-managed lands.
Systematics of Sylvilagus Gray, 1967 (Lagomorpha: Leporidae) from southwestern North America.
Taxon Orden Familia Especie MAMIFEROS DIDELPHIMORPHIA Didelphidae Didelphys marsupialis CINGULATA Dasypodidae Dasypus novemcinctus VERMILINGUA Myrmecophagidae Tamandua mexicana CARNIVORA Canidae Cerdocyon thous RODENTIA Sciuridae Sciurus granatensis Muridae Mus musculus LAGOMORPHA Leporidae Sylvilagus brasilensis Total 6 7 7 Taxon Orden N.
Caviidae 50 Galea musteloides Meyen, 1832 51 Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) Dasyproctidae 52 Dasyprocta variegata Tschudi, 1845 53 Myoprocta pratti Pocock, 1913 Cuniculidae 54 Cuniculus paca (Linnaeus, 1766) Echimyidae 55 Dactylomys boliviensis Anthony, 1920 56 Dactylomys dactylinus (Desmarest, 1817) 57 Isothrix bistriata Wagner, 1845 58 Mesomys hispidus (Desmarest, 1817) 59 Proechimys brevicauda (Gunther, 1877) 60 Proechimys simonsi Thomas, 1900 Lagomorpha Leporidae 61 Sylvilagus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Chiroptera Emballonuridae 62 Rhynchonycteris naso (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) 63 Saccopteryx bilineata (Temminck, 1838) Phyllostomidae 64 Desmodus rotundus (E.
chaffeensis-positive samples hybridized either with the Sciurus (n = 2) or the Leporidae (n = 1) probes.