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An institution for the treatment of lepers.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a specialized medical facility engaged in the active detection, isolation, and treatment of leprosy; the clinical observation of persons who have come into contact with lepers; the outpatient treatment of discharged patients; and the organization of immunization to prevent the disease. In addition, it is an organizational and methods center for the control of leprosy.

Leprosariums are established in areas in which leprosy is endemic, usually in a rural setting. In the USSR, leprosariums are maintained at state expense; in capitalist countries they are generally organized by the national Red Cross and charitable institutions. In some countries, such as Brazil and India, lepers are not isolated but are treated on an outpatient basis, since available leprosariums are unable to accommodate everyone suffering from the disease.

A leprosarium consists of a hospital, an outpatient section, and an epidemiological section. Patients are assigned to living quarters and subsidiary farms where they can work in agriculture and a variety of crafts. Patients stay in the leprosarium from several months to several years, depending on the type and severity of the disease. The service personnel usually live at the leprosarium, but in areas clearly separated (for example, by a stand of trees) from the patients’ quarters.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hepatitis-B virus infection in patients with leprosy: a serological study in a leprosarium in Northern Nigeria.
When Schweitzer won the Nobel Prize in 1952, he donated the $33,000 Award to establishing a leprosarium, following his established tenets of creating a "village" environment for his patients.
The Heathcocks were transferred to a further relieving position at the Leprosarium on Channel Island established by Cook in his other roles as the Northern Territory's Chief Medical Officer and Chief Quarantine Officer.
A diagnosis of leprosy resulted in drastic changes in an individual's status since, as Tymme notes, religious, medical and legal authorities "inforced a separation of such from all companie." (31) In medieval England, the changed status of more fortunate lepers was formalized in a ritual ceremony, after which these patients withdrew to a special hospital or leprosarium, located on the outskirts of urban centers.
Its medical activities created a group of committed converts among the sick who adopted the new faith after spending long periods of time in SIM's leprosarium. However, SIM's education project, intended to train local missionaries to read and write Hausa, often clashed with converts' aspirations.
Prominent features of any leper colony are improper disposal and inappropriate management of wastewater, therefore creating a high direct or indirect risk of infection to other people in close proximity to the leprosarium. Coker et al.
In 1974 they became involved in supporting the leprosarium in Taiz until 1992 when the German Leprosy organization took over supporting NLEP.
Shortly after Yvette of Huy rebuilt the church and leprosarium of Huy, Mary of Oignies (d.
The same humanity is sometimes true when it came to resolving the tension between the debitum coniugale of sexual satisfaction a wife and husband owed one another, on the one hand, and the risks a partner incurred from a downright dangerous partner, usually the husband, or, to cite a less common problem, from a partner who had been banished to a leprosarium. Often courts sheltered women from a dangerous man; as for lepers, they seem, willy-nilly, to have ordered them to bed together.
Indeed, when it was observed by Spargo and his colleague Dr Lawson Holman that several of the 168 Aboriginal residents in the leprosarium outside Derby had elevated blood sugar levels, so surprising was this finding that two medical students were recruited to do a survey, which was carried out in 1968 (Finlay-Jones and McComish 1972).
Stanley Stein, who spent some 40 years behind barbed wire as a patient and patient activist at the now-closed leprosarium in Carville, Louisiana, once wrote, "The ravages of the stigma of this disease are as great as the ravages of the germ." I wonder how many people know that the United States, a champion of human rights, denied the vote to persons with leprosy until after World War II.Aa
Father Thomas is the exception; he is afraid of the dark and the threatening forest, dissatisfied with the school where knowledge of the alphabet gets priority above prayers; he regards his stay at the leprosarium as "martyrdom" (Greene 2004: 80).