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(lĕp`tĭs), ancient city of Libya, E of Tripoli. It was founded (c.600 B.C.) by Phoenicians from Sidon. Annexed (46 B.C.) to the Roman province of Africa, it flourished as an important port under the Romans, particularly during the reign of Septimius Severus (who had been born in Leptis). Some of the most impressive ruins of Roman Africa are there, including walls, baths, arches, temples, and forums. The city is also known as Lepcis. It is sometimes called Leptis Magna to distinguish it from another Leptis, S of Hadrumetum, in present Tunisia.


See K. B. Matthews, Jr., Cities in the Sand (1957).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Start at The Savill Garden and you will experience the impressive heights of the Cascade to the ancient Leptis Magna ruins, as you walk to and around Virginia Water.
RIYADH: "Age-Old Cities," an exhibition that opened in Riyadh last month, uses virtual reality to allow visitors to access four significant heritage sites in the Arab world that were once vibrant and beautiful, but are now destroyed -- or seriously threatened: Mosul in Iraq; Aleppo and Palmyra in Syria; and Leptis Magna in Libya.
Chaque envahisseur tentait d'imposer sa langue, son systeme politique ou sa religion et certains ont pu arracher cette langue surtout dans les villes anciennes comme a Tripoli et Leptis Magna en Libye, a Carthage et Kairouan en Tunisie, Constantine et Mostaganem en Algerie, a Lixus et Volubilis au Maroc ...etc.
Others include include the ruins of the Roman city of Leptis Magna, and Sabratha, both in western Libya.
Taking down the route of technology, 3D and Augmented Reality, the exhibition features various Unesco-listed World Heritage sites, including Temple of Zeus in Agrigento and Pompeii, located in Italy; Al Zubarah, Qatar; Volubilis, Morocco; El Jem, Tunisia; Djemila, Algeria; Krak des Chevaliers, Syria; Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, Palestine; Baalbek, Lebanon; Hagia Sophia, Turkey; Petra, Jordon; Leptis Magna, Libya; and Phile, Egypt among others.
The exhibition is formed by panels dedicated to the history of a selection of archaeological wonders from several countries: Italy (Temple of Zeus in Agrigento and Pompeii), Qatar (Al-Zubarah), Morocco (Volubilis), Tunisia (El Jem), Algeria (Djemila), Syria (Krak des Chevaliers), Palestine (Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem), Lebanon (Baalbek), Turkey (Hagia Sophia), Jordan (Petra), Libya (Leptis Magna), United Arab Emirates (Al Ain), Bahrain (Qal'at al-Bahrain) and Egypt (Phile).
The sites include the ruins of the Roman city of Leptis Magna and Sabratha, which is famous for its amphitheatre.
Five sites in Libya - the archaeological sites of Cyrene, Leptis Magna and Sabratha, the Old Town of Ghadames and Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus - need "a comprehensive strategy for their management and conservation in order to better address the effects of the armed conflict, vandalism, urban encroachment, weathering (humidity, salt, sea water) and vegetation growth", according to the WHC.
As I bank over the extraordinary ruins of Leptis Magna, I am reminded that this was once a cultural and commercial jewel of the Mediterranean world.
Leptis Magna (14) (Hanlein-Schafer, 1985: 226 y ss.; Livadiotti y Rocco, 2005: 230), Ebora (Hauschild, 1991; Pensabene, 2004: 185) y, tal vez, Ostia (15) (Hanlein-Schafer, 1985: 130; Gros, 2000: 316) construyeron en sus foros templos dedicados a Augusto.
They include: Cyrene, a Greek colony founded in 631 B.C.; Leptis Magna, the Roman seat of power in North Africa; Tadrart Acacus, with prehistoric rock art sites dating from 12,000 B.C.