Leptis Magna


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Leptis Magna

 

(Lepcis Magna), an ancient city on the Mediterranean Sea in Libya, near the modern city of Horns (Al Khums). Founded by the Phoenicians in the seventh century B.C., Leptis Magna was ruled by Carthage from the sixth to the end of the third century B.C. After the Second Punic War (218–201 B.C.), it was seized by the Numidians, and in 107 B.C. by the Romans. The city flourished at the end of the second century A.D. In the seventh to the 11th century, as a result of Arab conquests and the gradual filling of the harbor by sand, the city gradually became deserted.

Numerous monuments from Roman times have been preserved, including a theater (first century), the ruins of thermae (113–127, reconstructed in the late second century; the central hall was decorated with statues, and the floors with mosaics), the remains of a colonnaded street leading to the port (late second century to the early third), a triumphal arch (about 203), and the ruins of mosaic-ornamented villas. A large circus and an amphitheater were found outside the city. Archaeological investigations were conducted in the 1920’s.

REFERENCES

“Obzor arkheologicheskikh otkrytii v oblasti Zapadnogo Sredizemnomor’ia.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1939, no. 1.
Gerkan, A. von. Leptis Magna. Rome, 1942.
Leptis Magna. Rome, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Portions of Leptis Magna, for instance, are still remarkably well-preserved.
Conquered by most of the civilizations that held sway over the Mediterranean, Libya has a rich legacy that includes five sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List, such as the Roman ruins of Leptis Magna and the ancient Phoenician trading post of Sabratha.
One company, Sherwes Travel, already advertises a three-day, 295-euro tour of "post-war Libya" on its website, featuring visits to sites in Tripoli and to the Roman ruins of Leptis Magna.
The LFIC was also using its international experience to promote other projects in Libya, including a chain of six tourist hotels across the country - notably in Tripoli, Sabha and Ghadames, one each near the ancient Roman cities of Leptis Magna and Subratha and one near the ancient Greek city of Cyrene.
The Libyan rebels fear that the Gaddafi regime could try to hide rocket launchers at the UNESCO World Heritage site of Leptis Magna, which is located between Tripoli and the rebel-held town of Misrata.
The west of the country, which is still controlled by the "iconic" leader, boasts two fine Roman cities, Leptis Magna and Sabratha, while sites in the rebel-held east retain countless vestiges of the Greek world.
She is eclectic, ranging from installations to sculpture to artists' books--the work on view here was a reading from her 2010 book Return to Leptis Magna.
Among five Libyan sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List, he highlighted the Roman ruins of Leptis Magna and the ancient Phoenician trading post of Sabratha, within 130 kilometers west of Tripoli.
And the archaeological Site of Leptis Magna - Founded in the first
She had booked the holiday to visit Leptis Magna, one of the biggest Roman ancient sites in the world, before the unrest broke out.
He came from Leptis Magna, a thriving port with a fine natural harbour in what is now Libya, near Tripoli.
The roof of the stadium will be built on three steel arches rising 100 meters to symbolize the ancient cities of Oea, Leptis Magna and Sabratha.