André Leroi-Gourhan

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André Leroi-Gourhan
Birthday
BirthplaceParis
Died
NationalityFrench

Leroi-Gourhan, André

 

Born Aug. 25, 1911, in Paris. French archaeologist and ethnologist. Professor at the University of Paris (from 1956); director of the Institute of Ethnology (from 1963).

Leroi-Gourhan is best known for his investigations of Upper Paleolithic sites and dwellings and cave art and sculptured representations. He systematized the latter by classifying them into epochs and styles; he considered this art to be a reflection of primitive mythology. In his book Evolution and Technology (vols. 1–2, 1943–45) he provided a universal systematics of the phenomena of material culture, tracing its evolution from the primitive to the age of machines and seeking to substantiate general laws of “technomorphology” and the rule of “technical determinism.” His book The Gesture and the Word (vols. 1–2, 1964) attempts an even more sweeping universal historical generalization. The development of human culture in this work is regarded as part of the evolution of living matter. Biological evolution, in the view of Leroi-Gourhan, leads to ethnic and cultural development. Leroi-Gourhan’s conception, flawed by excessive technicality and a belief in the biological determination of social processes, is not accepted by Soviet scholars and scientists.

WORKS

“Religii doistorii.” In the collection Pervobytnoe iskusstvo. Novosibirsk, 1971. (Translated from French.)
Préhistoire de l’art occidentale. Paris, 1965.

REFERENCE

Tokarev, S. A. “A. Lerua-Guran i ego trudy po etnografii i arkheologii.” In the collection Etnologicheskie issledovaniia za rubezhom. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soulier Philippe, 2018, Andre Leroi-Gourhan. Une vie.
Although Gilles Deleuze never explicitly develops what might be considered a philosophy of technology, he is strongly influenced by thinkers such as Andre Leroi-Gourhan, Raymond Ruyer, and Gilbert Simondon, all of whom provide profound analyses of the nature of technicity.
Early this year, Omar Choa, a 32-year-old Filipino researcher scholar based in Paris, did the country proud as the first Filipino recipient of the Prix Leroi-Gourhan award for his work on the Tabon Cave in Palawan.
Thus the efficacy I am thinking of is located at different scales: from the very embodied, routinised, flowing as Ingold (2013) has it, moment of acting, in which, there is little doubt that action and evaluation are merged (Simondon 2012[1958]; Leroi-Gourhan 1993 [1964]), up to the entire making or ritual sequence (see Abramson, this issue), in which each step is carefully planned, but which also include moments of reflexivity from the actors on vital and/or technical processes as phenomena to think about, as well as interruptions and break down.
El caracter cultual dado a la dimension reproductiva del cuerpo femenino, y en concreto al triangulo pubico, acabo otorgando al aparato reproductor de la mujer una preeminencia simbolica, casi sagrada, que contrasta con el descuido en las representaciones del rostro, de las manos y los pies (Delporte 1979, 25-26; Leroi-Gourhan, 1968, 68-69; Sanahuja 1982, 2002).
En algunos casos, las lecturas son deconstructivas (Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Jacques Rousseau); en otros casos, Stiegler se apropia y modifica conceptos de otros, incorporandolos a su argumento (Bertrand Gille, Andre Leroi-Gourhan, Gilbert Simondon).
El etnologo Andre Leroi-Gourhan (56) (1964) planteo una relacion insoslayable entre la forma que asumia la tecnica de produccion cultural con el conocimiento de cada epoca historica, senalando que las sociedades humanas se han visto en la obligacion de <<delegar en los artefactos, en organos artificiales, sus facultades de registro del corpus de conocimientos, el capital intelectual del grupo>>.
Para mas informacion de arte prehistorico: Leroi-Gourhan (1967).
Design contest: Project management for the construction of the gymnasium, the insulation of the facades of the day school and the construction of a workshop for the Leroi-Gourhan college for au Bugue.
Poder decidir es asi el criterio primigenio de lo humano, en el que la accion y pensamiento unen el gesto y la palabra (Leroi-Gourhan, 1971) para trascender en la experiencia con la vida.
Transmission of knowledge is clearly achieved through word and gesture (see Leroi-Gourhan 1964); but, more often than not, it is based on tacit (or implicit) knowledge, i.e., observing the working procedures of others (see Sigaut 1993, Smith 2003), rather than on explicit knowledge, as an integral part of the learning process.