fauvism

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Related to Les Fauves: fauvism, suprematism, Die Brucke

fauvism

(fō`vĭzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

Bibliography

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

Fauvism

 

an avant-garde movement in French painting of the early 20th century. The ironic epithet les fauves (“the wild beasts”) was given by critics to a group of painters including H. Matisse, P.-A. Marquet, G. Rouault, M. de Vlaminck, A. Derain, R. Dufy, G. Braque, and K. van Dongen, who exhibited their works at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905.

In contrast to German expressionism, fauvism had neither a consciously adopted program nor a moral or philosophical orientation, but rather represented a purely aesthetic protest against 19th-century artistic traditions and an affirmation of an independent new outlook on painting. The fauves, who painted in various styles, were united for a short period, from 1905 to 1907, by their attraction to terse graphic forms, intense color contrasts, pronounced compositional rhythms, and a decorative and laconic technique, as well as a search for new inspiration in primitive, medieval, and Oriental art.

REFERENCES

Leymarie, J. Le Fauvisme. [Geneva, 1959.]
Muller, J.-E. Le Fauvisme. Paris [1967].
Diehl, G. The Fauves. New York, 1975.
Oppler, E. C. Fauvism Reexamined. New York, 1976.
References in periodicals archive ?
The circle of Les Fauves was broken; Braque's flirtation with Fauvist ideas was brief, and even Derain by 1908 had turned to the more precise and rigorous constructions of Cezanne and now the Cubists.
Les Pharaons d'Egypte devraient affronter les Fauves de Bas Oubangui de Centrafrique ce soir a 19 heures (18h GMT), en match retour des eliminatoires de la Coupe d'Afrique des Nations 2013 dans la capitale centrafricaine.
In 1910, she headed to Paris, where she saw works by Henri Matisse and les Fauves, and was drawn by their expressionistic use of color--a characteristic that would later be a hallmark of her mature style.
The movement, which began in the 1940s, was the result of a variety of influences, including the neo - expressionist works of Wassily Kandinsky, futurism, surrealism, dada, and Les Fauves.
Les Fauves du Bas-Oubangui etaient en quete d'une premiere participation historique.

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