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Lesbos

(lĕz`bŏs) or

Lésvos

(lāz`vôs), island (1991 pop. 87,151), c.630 sq mi (1,630 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. A fertile island, it has vast olive groves and also produces wheat, wine, and citrus fruit. Fishing, tanning, livestock raising, and tourism are significant industries. MitilíniMitilíni
or Mytilene
, city (1991 pop. 24,953), capital of Lesbos prefecture, E Greece, a port on the island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea. Roman remains are there.
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 is the island's chief town. Lesbos was a center of Bronze Age civilization and later (c.1000 B.C.) was settled by Aeolians. The island was a brilliant cultural center from the 7th to the 6th cent. B.C., when the poets AlcaeusAlcaeus
, c.620–c.580 B.C., Greek lyric poet of Lesbos. An aristocrat, he was often embroiled in political battles with the ruling tyrants. He wrote drinking songs, hymns, love songs, and political odes. He was, according to tradition, a close associate of Sappho.
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 and SapphoSappho
, fl. early 6th cent. B.C., greatest of the early Greek lyric poets (Plato calls her "the tenth Muse"), b. Mytilene on Lesbos. Facts about her life are scant. She was an aristocrat, who wrote poetry for her circle of friends, mostly but not exclusively women, and like
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 and the statesman PittacusPittacus
, c.650–c.570 B.C., Greek statesman and military leader; one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. He helped to overthrow the tyrant of Mytilene in Lesbos and became the lawgiver there, ruling for 10 years.
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 were active there. AristotleAristotle
, 384–322 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Stagira. He is sometimes called the Stagirite. Life

Aristotle's father, Nicomachus, was a noted physician. Aristotle studied (367–347 B.C.
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 and EpicurusEpicurus
, 341–270 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Samos; son of an Athenian colonist. He claimed to be self-taught, although tradition states that he was schooled in the systems of Plato and Democritus by his father and various philosophers.
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 lived on the island, and TheophrastusTheophrastus
[Gr.,=divinely speaking], c.372–c.287 B.C., Greek philosopher, Aristotle's successor as head of the Peripatetics. The school flourished under his leadership.
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 was born on Lesbos. Lesbos joined the Delian LeagueDelian League
, confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478–404 B.C., the second 378–338 B.C.
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 and revolted unsuccessfully against Athens in 428–27 B.C. Later, Lesbos passed to Macedon, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire. It was taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1462 and became part of Greece in 1913. The island is sometimes known as Mytilene, which is a variant of Mitilíni.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lesbos

 

(also Lesvos), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor. Area, 1,636 sq km. The shores are strongly dissected, and there are many convenient inlets. Hills and low-mountain terrain predominate, with elevations up to 967 m high (Mount Olimbos). Lesbos is composed of limestone, mica schist, marble, and volcanic lavas. The vegetation is Mediterranean; pine forests are found in the upper mountain zone. The island has deposits of manganese, lead, chrome ore, and barite. There are marble quarries and hot springs. Lesbos is one of Greece’s major producers of olives (over 900,000 olive trees) and olive oil. Tobacco, citrus fruits, and figs are also cultivated. There is fishing. Mitilini (Mytilene) is the main city and port.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lesbos

an island in the E Aegean, off the NW coast of Turkey: a centre of lyric poetry, led by Alcaeus and Sappho (6th century bc); annexed to Greece in 1913. Chief town: Mytilene. Pop.: 90 642 (2001). Area: 1630 sq. km (630 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The coast guard on Friday confirmed 13 boats carrying a total of 546 people arrived on Lesbos on Thursday afternoon, while another 32 people in another boat were rescued at sea and transported to Lesbos in the eastern Aegean.
A professional clown, the filmmaker's younger sister Sabine had been in Lesbos in late 2015, when CSF, whose mission is to bring a pinch of laughter to exhausted and traumatized families, had performed up to six shows a day.
On Lesbos, Upinion have had several conversations with asylum seekers using their communication platform in Arabic, Farsi and French.
Lesbos is where most refugees from Turkey head and Moria is Europe's biggest refugee camp.
An unprecedented influx of people had taken the precarious smuggling route in rubber dinghies, across the Aegean Sea from Turkey to the shores of Lesbos and neighbouring islands.
Tsipras himself received a less than friendly Lesbos welcome, with protests from islanders and business leaders there complaining over the lack of resources for refugees.
271 migrants arrived in Lesbos from Turkey with five separate boats, and another 80 reached the shores of Chios island, according to official data.
LESBOS: Greece: A general strike virtually shut down the Greek island of Lesbos on Thursday as residents protested a European Union migration policy that has left thousands of asylum-seekers stranded here.
Athens: A 10-year-old Afghan boy was crushed to death Saturday on board an overcrowded boat carrying scores of migrants headed from Turkey to the Greek island of Lesbos, Greek news agency ANA reported.
But his bus, carrying gas stoves and hundreds of pounds worth of supplies, was impounded by Greek authorities in Lesbos on arrival on Friday.
The 6.2-magnitude undersea quake occurred south of Lesbos on Monday, but was felt as far as Istanbul.
In 2015, Google's Creative Lab produced an app called the Crisis Info Hub to help refugees arriving on the Greek island of Lesbos. How it came about provides a case study of how the Lab works to turn around projects fast.