Lesbos


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Related to Lesbos: Sappho

Lesbos

(lĕz`bŏs) or

Lésvos

(lāz`vôs), island (1991 pop. 87,151), c.630 sq mi (1,630 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. A fertile island, it has vast olive groves and also produces wheat, wine, and citrus fruit. Fishing, tanning, livestock raising, and tourism are significant industries. MitilíniMitilíni
or Mytilene
, city (1991 pop. 24,953), capital of Lesbos prefecture, E Greece, a port on the island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea. Roman remains are there.
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 is the island's chief town. Lesbos was a center of Bronze Age civilization and later (c.1000 B.C.) was settled by Aeolians. The island was a brilliant cultural center from the 7th to the 6th cent. B.C., when the poets AlcaeusAlcaeus
, c.620–c.580 B.C., Greek lyric poet of Lesbos. An aristocrat, he was often embroiled in political battles with the ruling tyrants. He wrote drinking songs, hymns, love songs, and political odes. He was, according to tradition, a close associate of Sappho.
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 and SapphoSappho
, fl. early 6th cent. B.C., greatest of the early Greek lyric poets (Plato calls her "the tenth Muse"), b. Mytilene on Lesbos. Facts about her life are scant. She was an aristocrat, who wrote poetry for her circle of friends, mostly but not exclusively women, and like
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 and the statesman PittacusPittacus
, c.650–c.570 B.C., Greek statesman and military leader; one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. He helped to overthrow the tyrant of Mytilene in Lesbos and became the lawgiver there, ruling for 10 years.
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 were active there. AristotleAristotle
, 384–322 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Stagira. He is sometimes called the Stagirite. Life

Aristotle's father, Nicomachus, was a noted physician. Aristotle studied (367–347 B.C.
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 and EpicurusEpicurus
, 341–270 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Samos; son of an Athenian colonist. He claimed to be self-taught, although tradition states that he was schooled in the systems of Plato and Democritus by his father and various philosophers.
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 lived on the island, and TheophrastusTheophrastus
[Gr.,=divinely speaking], c.372–c.287 B.C., Greek philosopher, Aristotle's successor as head of the Peripatetics. The school flourished under his leadership.
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 was born on Lesbos. Lesbos joined the Delian LeagueDelian League
, confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478–404 B.C., the second 378–338 B.C.
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 and revolted unsuccessfully against Athens in 428–27 B.C. Later, Lesbos passed to Macedon, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire. It was taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1462 and became part of Greece in 1913. The island is sometimes known as Mytilene, which is a variant of Mitilíni.

Lesbos

 

(also Lesvos), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor. Area, 1,636 sq km. The shores are strongly dissected, and there are many convenient inlets. Hills and low-mountain terrain predominate, with elevations up to 967 m high (Mount Olimbos). Lesbos is composed of limestone, mica schist, marble, and volcanic lavas. The vegetation is Mediterranean; pine forests are found in the upper mountain zone. The island has deposits of manganese, lead, chrome ore, and barite. There are marble quarries and hot springs. Lesbos is one of Greece’s major producers of olives (over 900,000 olive trees) and olive oil. Tobacco, citrus fruits, and figs are also cultivated. There is fishing. Mitilini (Mytilene) is the main city and port.

Lesbos

an island in the E Aegean, off the NW coast of Turkey: a centre of lyric poetry, led by Alcaeus and Sappho (6th century bc); annexed to Greece in 1913. Chief town: Mytilene. Pop.: 90 642 (2001). Area: 1630 sq. km (630 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the serious legal gaps and lack of adequate protection in Turkey, the EU is forging ahead with a dangerous deal," Giorgos Kosmopoulos, head of Amnesty International in Greece, told AP from Lesbos. "Turkey is not a safe third country for refugees.
United Nations' refugee agency (UNHCR) Protection Officer, Patrick Mansour is also in Lesbos and said, "we are trying together to provide technical assistance and help for the Greek authorities on how we can solve the queuing systems to alleviate the pressure on the authorities and the tensions that can be coming up among the refugees and migrants".
The post Hundreds of migrants land on Greek island of Lesbos in one afternoon appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
A professional clown, the filmmaker's younger sister Sabine had been in Lesbos in late 2015, when CSF, whose mission is to bring a pinch of laughter to exhausted and traumatized families, had performed up to six shows a day.
On Lesbos, Upinion have had several conversations with asylum seekers using their communication platform in Arabic, Farsi and French.
Among the flimsy orange jackets in the vast tip are splintered dinghies and fishing boats dumped here by the Lesbos authorities.
(s) supply of food for the operation: "decentralized food supplies and basic material assistance, Administrative costs and accompanying measures 2015-2016 - lesbos "subproject 3:" foodstuffs ".
An unprecedented influx of people had taken the precarious smuggling route in rubber dinghies, across the Aegean Sea from Turkey to the shores of Lesbos and neighbouring islands.
Tsipras himself received a less than friendly Lesbos welcome, with protests from islanders and business leaders there complaining over the lack of resources for refugees.
271 migrants arrived in Lesbos from Turkey with five separate boats, and another 80 reached the shores of Chios island, according to official data.