lese majesty

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lese majesty

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leze majesty

(both: lēz mă`jĭstē) [Fr. lèse majesté, Lat. laesae maiestatis (crimen)=(crime of) violating majesty], offense against the dignity of the sovereign of a state or of a state itself. The offense as such first appeared in Rome, though not defined with great exactness. Lese majesty seems to have been considered originally as a violation of the fundamental laws of the Roman state, a crime against the Roman people. When the Roman Empire replaced the republic, the crime became an offense against the person of the emperor, but it still included cases that were more generally designated treason; all attempts to upset the state, as well as actions or words derogatory to, or dangerous to, the state were interpreted as offenses against the sovereign's person. This personality cult became the main element in the term lese majesty, which in time was applied especially to physical or verbal attack on the sovereign. The legislation against the crime passed into Germanic law, and feudal law heightened the personalization of the concept because of the personal nature of the feudal bond. In most modern states the specific crime of lese majesty is confounded with, and included in, the crime of treasontreason,
legal term for various acts of disloyalty. The English law, first clearly stated in the Statute of Treasons (1350), originally distinguished high treason from petit (or petty) treason. Petit treason was the murder of one's lawful superior, e.g.
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. The decline of absolute monarchies hastened the disappearance of the crime, although it remained in German law until the fall of the German monarchy in 1918. While in some modern countries verbal or written attacks on the form of government, the head of the state, or public officials are made crimes analogous to lese majesty, in countries such as the United States that recognize the right to freedom of speech, the concept of lese majesty is severely restricted.
References in periodicals archive ?
htm) world longest-reigning monarch , is a much revered figure in Thailand and his venerability is protected by the world's harshest lese majeste law, which carrys (http://www.
Lese majeste cases are usually brought at a rate of several per year, but the last couple of years have seen an uptick, no doubt related to the bitter political battle.
Lese majeste is a very serious offence in Thailand, where many people regard the 81-year-old Bhumibol as semi-divine.
Therefore, one custom, one bill was the purpose of the lese majeste law," Ungpakorn told reporters outside the central Bangkok police station on Tuesday.
Thai king pardons Swiss man convicted on lese majeste charges
The activist's defence team said he would appeal the long jail term, which comprises 10 years for two counts of lese majeste and one year for an earlier suspended defamation sentence.
He was convicted under Thailand's strict lese majeste laws, designed to protect the royal family but which activists say are outdated and stifle free speech.
Thailand has strict laws of lese majeste that make insulting the monarchy a punishable crime.
Muscat: The Appeals Court yesterday awarded one-year jail term to 22 Omani activists and bloggers and imposed fines for lese majeste and for violating the Information Technology Law and for "wrongful gathering".
Many of those targeted with lese majeste charges are linked to the Red Shirt movement, the arch rivals of the Yellows.
lt;br/><br/>Daranee -- known as Da Torpido -- was herself jailed for 15 years under Thailand's strict lese majeste laws for the comments, which she made during political rallies four years ago.
Thai: A Thai court on Wednesday convicted an online editor for hosting posts critical of the revered monarchy on her website, but suspended her jail sentence amid demands to reform the lese majeste law.