Lesser Himalayas

Lesser Himalayas

 

a system of individual mountain massifs and ranges in the central part of the Himalayas, between the Great Himalayas on the north and the Siwalik Range on the south. Length, about 2,000 km; width, from 10-20 km in the east to 100 km in the west.

The Lesser Himalayas are composed of Paleozoic and Mesozoic crystalline, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks (primarily schists, limestones, and quartzites). Elevations of 3,000-3,500 m prevail, with the greatest elevations being up to 6,000 m. The mountains are dissected by narrow, steep-walled valleys. Traces of ancient glaciation have been preserved in many ranges. The snow line is at an elevation of 4,500 m in the east and 5,000 m in the west. There are small glaciers on the northern slope of the Pir Panjal Range. The Lesser Himalayas have a dense river network (primarily tributaries of the Ganges). The rivers have a high-water period in the summer, caused by monsoon rains and the melting of mountain snow. The slopes are covered with forests at altitudes up to 3,500 m; there are monsoon forests and hard-leaved evergreen and coniferous forests in the west and evergreen tropical rain forests giving way with greater elevations to evergreen oak forests, coniferous and broadleaf forests, and coniferous forests in the east. Above this are thickets of scrub junipers and rhododendrons, subalpine meadows, and alpine meadows. Plantations of citrus fruits and tea grow at elevations up to 2,500 m.

L. I. KURAKOVA

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Chitral and Kaghan, and the enchanting beauty of the lesser Himalayas, especially the Galliyat.
a) the Lesser Himalayas, also called the "Jehlum Valley" (Kashmir valley)
It was challenging as the trail passed through some of the most pristine sections of the Shivalik Mountains, also known as the lesser Himalayas or the foothills of the Himalayas.
The study area is in the lesser Himalayas and comprised ofseveral thrust systems north to south including Hazara Thrust which is characterized by the presence ofHazara Formation ofthe Pre-Cambrian age thrusts over the Samana Suk Formation of Jurassic age.
The magnitude of the quake was determined at 23 km northeast of the capital in the Margalla hills, a hill range of the lesser Himalayas spreading at an area of 12,605 hectares.
Litho-Geologic Framework: Valley is placed between the upper altitudinal zones in the Higher Himalayas while lower zone is in the Lesser Himalayas. The tectonic influence of the Nanga Parbat is rather severe and clearly identifiable.
It is also called Phulnaqsha, bamasha, or sweet violet in Lesser Himalayas of Pakistan.
The data from a local array of 12 short-period seismic stations(where GPS are installed) located near the Tarbela reservoir in the lesser Himalayas of northern Pakistan were analyzed to estimate the anomalous thickness of the crust at the boundary between the colliding Indian and Eurasian subcontinents in the
In his welcome address, Dr Masoom Yasinzai, the QAU vice chancellor, said plate tectonics is such an important issue for Pakistan which sits at the foothill of lesser Himalayas; an area prone to earthquakes and major plate boundaries, along with about 44 active faults.
Masoom Yasinzai, Vice Chancellor, Quaid-i-Azam University said that Plate Tectonics is such an important issue for Pakistan as we live at the foothill of lesser Himalayas; an area prone to earthquakes and major plate boundaries, along with about 44 active faults.
Charles, patron of the British Red Cross, and Camilla spent more than three hours in remote Pattika in the Neelam River valley of the Lesser Himalayas.
Similarly Ahsan (2008) reported calcispheres from distal middle and outer ramp deposits of NW Lesser Himalayas. Chaudhry et al.