Lesser Horde

Lesser Horde

 

(Russian, Mladshii Zhuz), one of three groups of Kazakh tribes and clans, which arose in western Kazakhstan in the 16th century.

In pre-revolutionary Russian writings the zhuzy (from Turkic zhuz, “side,” “part”) were called ordy (hordes). In addition to the Lesser Horde (Kishi Zhuz), the Greater Horde (Uly Zhuz) and the Middle Horde (Orta Zhuz) were also found in Kazakhstan. The Lesser Horde consisted of three basic tribal confederations: Zheti-Ru, Alim-Uly, and Bai-Uly. The tribes of the Lesser Horde were nomads dwelling along the lower reaches of the Syr Darya and Ural rivers, at the confluence of the Irgiz and Turgai rivers, along the upper reaches of the Tobol River, and in the Mugodzhary Mountains. The tribes maintained economic ties with the settled population of the Volga region and the southern Urals. Political power in the horde was held by several khans who headed the khanates that periodically rose and fell. In 1731 the Kazakhs of the Lesser Horde, under the leadership of Khan Abulkhair, were the first to join the Russian empire voluntarily.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lesser Horde and the Middle Horde is vital from the authority of the Russians, as Abul Kher who belong to the khans of the Lesser Horde looked for the Russians aid in 1730 and they wanted to have as a time-being supporters of the powerful Kalmyks whereas in reaction to this Russians did take control of the Middle Horde by 1798 and the Great Horde established as an independent organization till the 1820s.The years 1836 and 1847 is prominent from the Khan Kene of the Middle Horde whose acolytes fought with the Russians.
Complaints were heard especially loudly from hotel owners over the increased Value Added Tax, increased from 5 percent to 21 percent; they grumbled about water prices, which rose from 3 litas (0.86 euros) to 7 litas for a cubic meter, and protested about the lesser hordes of revelers.