Pearson, Lester Bowles

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Pearson, Lester Bowles,

1897–1972, Canadian diplomat and political leader, b. Ontario prov. He served in the Canadian army in World War I. Pearson taught history at the Univ. of Toronto from 1924 to 1928 and then joined the Canadian diplomatic service. After serving (1928–35) as a first secretary in the department of external affairs, he was attached (1935–41) to the London office of the Canadian high commissioner; he later held (1941–44) various consular posts. He was Canada's senior adviser at the Dumbarton Oaks (1944) and San Francisco (1945) conferences that led to the establishment of the United Nations, and he headed Canada's UN delegation. As chairman of the UN political and security committee in 1947, he played a decisive role in mediating the Palestinian crisis. From 1948, when he entered Parliament as a Liberal, to 1957 Pearson was minister of external affairs and took a leading part in Commonwealth affairs and the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Pearson, one of the most respected members of the UN General Assembly, received the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the United Nations in resolving the 1956 Arab-Israeli war. In 1958 he became head of the Liberal party and leader of the opposition. He led his party to a gain of 46 seats in the 1962 elections and succeeded John G. Diefenbaker as prime minister in early 1963. He retired as prime minister in 1968. He also served (1951–58) as chancellor of Victoria Univ. in Toronto. Among his books are Democracy in World Politics (1955), Diplomacy in the Nuclear Age (1959), and Words and Occasions (1970).

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2 vol., 1972–73).

Pearson, Lester Bowles

 

Born Apr. 23, 1897, in Toronto; died Dec. 27, 1972, in Ottawa. Canadian statesman. Member of the Liberal Party.

Pearson was educated at the University of Toronto and at Oxford University. From 1928 to 1948 he was in the diplomatic service. In 1948 he became a member of Parliament and from 1948 to 1957 served as secretary of state for external affairs. From 1958 to 1968, Pearson was leader of the Liberal Party, and from 1963 to 1968 he served as prime minister. In 1963 the Pearson administration concluded an agreement with the USA whereby Canadian armed forces were to be supplied with American nuclear weapons and American nuclear weapons were to be placed on Canadian territory. At the same time, it was the first Canadian administration to impose additional taxation on the income of firms that were controlled by foreign capital.

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"Diplomacy is letting someone else have your way," as the late Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson once observed.
Thompson was hired by Lester Pearson to repair the Liberal Party's relationship with ethnocultural communities.
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Twenty-six notable leaders who attended the meeting in Lagos included the British Prime Minister, Sir Harold Wilson, Lester Pearson of Canada, Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya, Sir DaudaJawara of the Gambia, President Archbishop Makarious of Cyprus, the Jamaican Prime Minister, Donald Sangster, Dr.
A joke made the rounds of Canadian academic and governmental circles in the 1960s and 1970s to the effect that, if "the elephant" were assigned as an open-ended essay topic to a class of promising graduate students in international politics at Harvard or Oxford, the one Canadian in the room would choose this approach: "The elephant--a federal or provincial responsibility?" And while the title of John Allison's book would indicate extended coverage of nearly a century and a half of intergovernmental relations, his focus is on the two decades when Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau headed Liberal governments in Ottawa that faced increasingly assertive provincial administrations.
French President Charles de Gaulle came over to insult us (vive le Quebec libre) in the middle of Expo and soon after that we'd move from Lester Pearson, our peacekeeping grandfather, to Pierre Trudeau, our cape-wearing confirmed bachelor.
She accepted an offer from the Canadian International Development Agency and Ayala Foundation for a two-year International Baccalaureate program at Lester Pearson United World College in Vancouver.
Initially Fraser lobbied for Lester Pearson to be the first secretary-general, then, when he was vetoed, he supported Lie, as well as deflecting the suggestion of himself being considered for the role.
Foreign policy historian Greg Donaghy has written a biography of an iconic figure in the old "government party" of Mackenzie King, Louis Saint-Laurent and Lester Pearson. Paul Martin, Sr., never achieved the pinnacle of power in the party (not for lack of trying), but he was a prominent minister in Liberal governments over three decades, "Mr.
King, Lester Pearson, and Tom Kent brought social democratic ideas into the mainstream.
MacDonald, and the same thing between his parents and Lester Pearson. He seems to think that he deserved the prime ministership by right of his family background and connections, and that this background compensated for his thirty years living abroad.