Letter of Credence


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Related to Letter of Credence: Letter of Recall

Letter of Credence

 

a document accrediting a diplomatic representative. It duly certifies the representative (diplomatic) character of his mission and of his person as a diplomatic representative. The letter of credence of an ambassador or envoy is drawn up in an established form and is addressed by the head of one state to the head of another, the appropriate signatures and seals being duly affixed thereto. The signature of the head of state is usually confirmed by the signature of the head of the department of foreign affairs. Chargés d’affaires and political representatives, when accredited, are furnished with a letter from the head of the department of foreign affairs of their country to the head of the department of the country to which they are appointed.

A letter of credence states the name and title (rank) of the sender and recipient, the name and diplomatic rank of the representative, and a request to “accredit” him in all relations, namely, as a representative of the said state. Sometimes the letter of credence sets out briefly the reasons and aims of the diplomatic mission and the state of diplomatic relations between the two countries at the time.

The letter of credence is handed over by the diplomatic representative at his first audience with the head of state, and a certified copy thereof is forwarded beforehand to the head of the department of foreign affairs.

A letter of credence states the general powers of the diplomatic representative. Once accredited, he needs no further authority for his statements and declarations in the country in which he is stationed, and all his official acts, letters, and utterances are entirely the responsibility of the government that has appointed him. However, his credentials as such do not empower the diplomatic representative to sign international agreements without special authorization.

A letter of credence loses its validity in the event of the death of the head of state who appointed the diplomatic representative or of the head of state to which he is accredited, or if the form of government in the country in which he is stationed or of his own country has been changed, or if the rank of the diplomatic representative is changed. When a diplomatic representative leaves his post he hands over his letter of recall (lettre de rappel) and in turn sometimes receives a recredential (lettre de récréance) to remit to his own government on returning to his country. The form of the letter of recall and of the recredential conforms to the letter of credence.

V. I. MENZHINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
New non-resident Ambassador of Malta to Tehran Paul Mifsud also presented his letter of credence to President Rouhani, and said, "Relations between the two countries are long-standing and my government is doing whatever it can to further deepen these ties".
President Buhari equally received Letter of Credence from the Ambassador of Czech Republic, Mr Marek Skolil, assuring him of improved economic relations in areas like solid minerals exploration.
After presenting his Letter of Credence to the Vice President, Ambassador Dissanayake conveyed the greetings and best wishes of President Maithripala Sirisena to the President and the people of Ecuador.
The ambassador was scheduled to visit Anytkabir, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal AtatE-rk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, after presenting his letter of credence.
The President says he is convinced that the presence of these countries in Liberia would yield substantial mutual benefits for Liberia and their respective countries.Of the six ambassadors, Australia's Andrew Barnes was the first to present letter of credence on Friday.
''The Nigerian economy is looking good and we look forward to making it better,'' the President told the Danish Ambassador after receiving his Letter of Credence.
Ambassador Jeong Jae Nam presented his letter of credence to the President of Mongolia Battulga in May.
Sri Lanka, April 10 -- Sri Lanka - El Salvador relations have been further strengthened with Sri Lanka's Ambassador to Cuba, Sarath Dissanayake presented his Letter of Credence to President of El Salvador, Salvador Sanchez Ceren on 20th March 2015.
Russian President Vladimir Putin received the letter of credence of newly appointed Ambassador of Tajikistan Imomudin Sattorov at the ceremony that took place in the Grand Kremlin Palace's Alexander Hall on June 27.
ANKARA (CyHAN)- The new Swedish envoy to Turkey, Lars Wahlund, presented his letter of credence to President Abdullah GE-l on Tuesday.
Jamil Ahmed Khan, presented his Letter of Credence to the Secretary General of the Libyan General Peoples Congress (Speaker of the Parliament) in a simple but impressive ceremony in Tripoli (Libya) yesterday.