Letter of Credence


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Related to Letter of Credence: Letter of Recall

Letter of Credence

 

a document accrediting a diplomatic representative. It duly certifies the representative (diplomatic) character of his mission and of his person as a diplomatic representative. The letter of credence of an ambassador or envoy is drawn up in an established form and is addressed by the head of one state to the head of another, the appropriate signatures and seals being duly affixed thereto. The signature of the head of state is usually confirmed by the signature of the head of the department of foreign affairs. Chargés d’affaires and political representatives, when accredited, are furnished with a letter from the head of the department of foreign affairs of their country to the head of the department of the country to which they are appointed.

A letter of credence states the name and title (rank) of the sender and recipient, the name and diplomatic rank of the representative, and a request to “accredit” him in all relations, namely, as a representative of the said state. Sometimes the letter of credence sets out briefly the reasons and aims of the diplomatic mission and the state of diplomatic relations between the two countries at the time.

The letter of credence is handed over by the diplomatic representative at his first audience with the head of state, and a certified copy thereof is forwarded beforehand to the head of the department of foreign affairs.

A letter of credence states the general powers of the diplomatic representative. Once accredited, he needs no further authority for his statements and declarations in the country in which he is stationed, and all his official acts, letters, and utterances are entirely the responsibility of the government that has appointed him. However, his credentials as such do not empower the diplomatic representative to sign international agreements without special authorization.

A letter of credence loses its validity in the event of the death of the head of state who appointed the diplomatic representative or of the head of state to which he is accredited, or if the form of government in the country in which he is stationed or of his own country has been changed, or if the rank of the diplomatic representative is changed. When a diplomatic representative leaves his post he hands over his letter of recall (lettre de rappel) and in turn sometimes receives a recredential (lettre de récréance) to remit to his own government on returning to his country. The form of the letter of recall and of the recredential conforms to the letter of credence.

V. I. MENZHINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
After presenting his Letter of Credence to the Vice President, Ambassador Dissanayake conveyed the greetings and best wishes of President Maithripala Sirisena to the President and the people of Ecuador.
Since I presented my Letter of Credence to His Excellency, the President of the Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, who accredited me as a non-resident Ambassador in Skopje, in March, I have been working on enhancing the relations between our two nations at all levels: political, economic, social and cultural.
ANKARA (CyHAN)- The new US ambassador to Turkey, John Bass, has presented his letter of credence to President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an.
Russian President Vladimir Putin received the letter of credence of newly appointed Ambassador of Kazakhstan Marat Tazhin at the ceremony that took place in the Grand Kremlin Palace's Alexander Hall on June 27.
Jamil Ahmed Khan, presented his Letter of Credence to the Secretary General of the Libyan General Peoples Congress (Speaker of the Parliament) in a simple but impressive ceremony in Tripoli (Libya) yesterday.
Country Director of AfDB, Mr Ebraima Faal, who gave the assurance in Abuja when he presented his letter of credence to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr.
Sri Lanka, April 10 -- Sri Lanka - El Salvador relations have been further strengthened with Sri Lanka's Ambassador to Cuba, Sarath Dissanayake presented his Letter of Credence to President of El Salvador, Salvador Sanchez Ceren on 20th March 2015.
yuSTANBUL (CyuHAN)- The new US ambassador to Turkey, John Bass, has presented his letter of credence to President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an.
Lhuillier presented his Letter of Credence as non-resident ambassador to the Principality of Andorra to H.
6 -- Ambassador Karunatilaka Amunugama presented his Letter of Credence to the Federal President Joachim Gauck at his official residence (Palace), the Schloss Bellevue in Berlin, on 2nd September, as Ambassador of Sri Lanka to the Federal Republic of Germany.
SENEGALESE AMBASSADOR/LETTER OF CREDENCE: Turkish President Abdullah GE-l received newly appointed Senegalese Ambassador Moustapha Mbacke's letter of credence at the Ecankaya Presidential Palace on Monday.
While presenting the letter of credence, Masood Khalid delivered greetings of the President and the Prime Minister of Pakistan to the Chinese President.