Leuctra


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Leuctra: Chaeronea

Leuctra

(lo͞ok`trə), village of ancient Greece, in Boeotia, 7 mi (11.3 km) SW of Thebes. There the Spartans were defeated (371 B.C.) by the Thebans under EpaminondasEpaminondas
, d. 362 B.C., Greek general of Thebes. He was a pupil of Lysias the Pythagorean, but his early life is otherwise obscure. As the Theban delegate to the peace conference of 371 B.C. he refused to surrender his claim to represent all Boeotia.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A brilliant tactical success, the battle also dealt a severe blow to Spartan hegemony.

Leuctra

 

a city in Boeotia (central Greece), 11 km from Thebes, near which occurred a battle between the Spartans, commanded by King Cleombrotus (10,000 hoplites and 1,000 horsemen), and the Thebans, commanded by Epaminondas (about 6,000 hoplites and 1,500 horsemen) on Aug. 5, 371 B.C.

Epaminondas deployed his troops in what was called an oblique formation, concentrating a striking force 50 ranks deep and a reserve force of 300 crack troops on his left flank, while positioning a phalanx eight ranks deep in the center and along his right flank against the 12-rank phalanx (along the entire front) of the Spartans. An attack with superior forces against the crack troops of the Spartans, who were on the Thebans’ right flank, decided the outcome of the battle, which ended with the rout of the Spartans, who were previously invincible on land, and the death of Cleombrotus.

In the words of F. Engels, the Battle of Leuctra was the first time that “a great tactical principle” was applied: “the unequal deployment of troops along a front with the aim of concentrating one’s forces for the main blow at the decisive point” (Izbr. voen. proizvedeniia, 1956, p. 181). As a result of the defeat, Sparta lost its hegemony in Greece. The Peloponnesian League fell apart, and the short-lived hegemony of Thebes began.

Leuctra

an ancient town in Greece southwest of Thebes in Boeotia: site of a victory of Thebes over Sparta (371bc), which marked the end of Spartan military supremacy in Greece
References in periodicals archive ?
39) Plutarch's statement that Epaminondas "used to say that of all the fair and goodly fortune that had fallen to his lot the thing that gave him the greatest gratification was that his victory over the Spartans at Leuctra came while his father and mother were still living" would also fit perfectly in a Plutarchian biography.
So when Cleombrotus, the Spartan king leading the invading force in 371 BC, finally broke through the Boeotian defences and arrived at the plain at Leuctra, he and his Spartan army were determined to force a fight and reclaim their reputation (Paus.
Plecopteran shredders, primarily Peltoperlidae and Leuctra spp.
Leuctra, Diplectrona) the values were lower in the litter-excluded stream.
Most of the more abundant taxa decreased in density following the May flood [Ameletus (-87%), Paraleptophlebia (-82%), Leuctra (-54%), Neophylax (-98%), and Chironomidae (-80%) [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 5 OMITTED], Table 4].
Purpose of the study is drafting the final design of the required works transport sewage settlements Kaparelli, Plataea, Leuctra and Melissochori, which includes the study of domestic wastewater collection network within the boundaries of settlements Plataea, Melissoxoriou, Leuctra and Kaparelli the thesis Plataea of ?
This helps account for the shifting alliances that typified the era between the Peloponnesian War and the Peace of Leuctra.
Entonces los tebanos, que habian vencido en Leuctra, enviaron mensajeros a Italia y a Sicilia y a los evesperitas, y llamaron al Peloponeso a los mesenios de todos los lugares donde estuvieran.
Leuctra tenuis (a stonefly) and Ameletus ludens (a mayfly) were sampled in pools in head-water streams in Ohio (see Dingledine 1996 for details).
A renewal would have clarified the position of the Euboeans, who had aligned themselves with Thebes at Leuctra.
En este sentido en Leuctra los tebanos no hicieron sino apuntillar al animal herido.
The account of Cleombrotos II (380-371), however, is curiously barren, there is no detailed account, for example, of Leuctra or the attendant events.