Leukoplakia


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Related to Leukoplakia: leukoplakia vulvae

leukoplakia

[‚lü·kō′plā·kē·ə]
(medicine)
Formation of thickened white patches on mucous membranes, particularly of the mouth and vulva.

Leukoplakia

 

milky-white spots (radius, to 0.5 cm) on the mucous membranes near the skin (for example, on the lower lip) and on the cheeks, tongue, bottom of the mouth, esophagus, cervix uteri, vagina, and urinary bladder.

Leukoplakia is one of the precancerous diseases. Smoking, advanced tooth decay, excessive consumption of alcohol or spices, certain inflammations of the oral cavity, avitaminosis A or B complex, and poorly fitting metal dental bridges, fillings, and crowns may give rise to leukoplakia. The disease occurs in two forms. In simple leukoplakia, the mucous membrane is smooth; its surface resembles mosaic or parquetry. This may be complicated by fissures or erosions. In verrucose leukoplakia, the mucosa is raised and the color varies from pearly to chalky. Patients complain of sensations of petrifaction, burning, and tenderness. Treatment is by surgical removal, electrocoagulation, or radiation therapy.

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These patients have an increased risk for development of many cutaneous disorders, including Kaposi's sarcoma, eosinophilic folliculitis, psoriasis, molluscum contagiosum, seborrheic dermatitis, candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, genital warts, genital herpes, and herpes zoster.
Late last year, the California researchers reported that hairy leukoplakia is also a sign of AIDS in high-risk groups other than homosexual men.
They also had a 7%-10% lower rate of oral hairy leukoplakia than those not on such regimens; however, this rate did not achieve statistical significance.
Stop smoking as leukoplakia is caused by tobacco, though alcohol and HPV are also factors.
Paan may contain smokeless tobacco that can cause discoloration of teeth, oral submucous fibrosis and/or oral leukoplakias.
Definition of leukoplakia and related lesions: An aid to studies on oral precancer.
R]] PDT to prevent AKs and squamous cell carcinomas in immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipients and is supporting research related to oral leukoplakia in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
5[degrees]C intermittent or constant, for longer than 1 month) * Persistent oral candidiasis (after first 6 - 8 weeks of life) * Oral hairy leukoplakia * Acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis * Lymph node tuberculosis * Pulmonary tuberculosis * Severe recurrent bacterial pneumonia * Symptomatic lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis * Chronic HIV-associated lung disease including bronchiectasis * Unexplained anaemia (< 8.
About 25% knew the most common sites of oral cancer (floor of the mouth and lateral tongue borders) and 10% knew that erythroplakia and leukoplakia are the two most worrisome primary lesions.
This sounds like leukoplakia, a condition that can develop into cancer.
Progression to AIDS in HIV-infected homosexual and bisexual men with hairy leukoplakia and oral candidiasis.
1) Numerous studies have documented that tobacco and alcohol synergistically produce a progression of changes in the mucosa of the upper aerodigestive tract; these changes can progress from leukoplakia or dysplasia to carcinoma in situ and finally to invasive carcinoma.