Leukorrhea


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

leukorrhea

[‚lü·kə′rē·ə]
(medicine)
A whitish, mucopurulent discharge from the female genital canal.

Leukorrhea

 

quantitatively and qualitatively altered discharges of the sex organs of women.

Leukorrhea is a frequent symptom of many gynecological diseases. It may appear in connection with gonorrhea, prolapse of the reproductive organs, malignant tumors, the use of thermal and chemical irritants (certain contraceptives), trichomoniasis, endocrine disorders, and so forth. The normal discharge from the female sex organs is insignificant, and women do not ordinarily notice it. In a healthy woman the discharges may increase before and after menstruation and during pregnancy and sexual excitement. In these cases the discharges are light in color, disappear quickly, and elicit no complaints. In diseases, leukorrhea flows out and causes an unpleasant sensation of constant moistness, itching, and burning. Leukorrhea may be white, transparent (vitreous), milky, yellow green (admixture of pus), or sanious (admixture of blood). Leukorrhea may be fluid or viscous. It may be odorless, odorous, or sometimes malodorous.

Leukorrheas are distinguished according to their site of origin. Vestibular leukorrhea, which arises in the vestibule of the vagina, is most often observed in young girls with various forms of vulvitis. Vestibular leukorrhea may occur in adults when the rules of personal hygiene are not observed; it may also occur in ulcerative processes and in diabetes mellitus. Most frequently observed are vaginal leukorrheas caused by inflammatory processes in the vagina—vaginitis, which is often associated with cases of trichomoniasis caused by fungal infection (yeast microorganisms) or with nonspecific vaginal inflammations caused by streptococci, colon bacilli, and staphylococci. Cervical leukorrhea, which arises in the cervix, appears in cases of acute and chronic gonorrhea, cancer, polyposis, and so forth. Uterine leukorrhea is rare (found in cases of endometritis). Salpingiar leukorrhea is a rare form that arises in the fallopian tubes as a result of their inflammation. It is characterized by periodic profuse discharge of purulent fluid.

To a considerable degree the causes of leukorrhea are conditioned by the age and hormonal state of a woman’s body. In children it is caused by intestinal bacteria, streptococci (after scarlet fever), and gonococci. In young women, leukorrhea is caused by hormonal disturbances. With the beginning of sexual activity, leukorrhea may be caused by trichomoniasis or by gonorrhea. During menopause, so-called senile vaginitis often occurs, accompanied by leukorrhea; it is associated with atrophy of the mucous membrane of the vagina and the vagina’s susceptibility to injury.

Preventive measures include periodic examinations for symptoms of gynecologic disease, provision of personal hygiene rooms for women at places of work, and labor protection measures. Treatment is directed at the removal of the basic pathological process causing the leukorrhea.

REFERENCES

Gurtovoi, L. E. “Obshschaia simptomatologiia i diagnostika gjnekologjcheskikh zabolevanii.” In Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po akusherstvu i ginekologii, vol. 4, book 1. Moscow, 1963.
Mandel’shtam, L. E. Semiotika i diagnostika zhenskikh boleznei, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964.

V. A. POKROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Except for the leukorrhea group, which had the fewest patients with a pain syndrome, and the DIV group, which had a 25% rate of pain syndromes, the rates were in the 45%-50% range, which is twice as high as the rate of these syndromes in the general population, he said.
Such documentation can enable modern research to conduct appropriate scientific studies on the medicinal plants towards discovery of new anti-microbial drugs against which the microorganisms involved in infectious leukorrhea may prove more susceptible.
Other vulvovaginal syndromes that may be mistaken for a yeast infection without a closer look include idiopathic vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, atrophic vulvovaginitis (or atrophic vestibulitis), physiologic leukorrhea, and also various dermatoses such as lichen sclerosus.
Menstrual disorders, burning sensations during urination, delayed menstruation, displacement of uterus, leukorrhea.
Side effects that are specific to the device include a foreign body sensation, leukorrhea, vaginitis, and device expulsion.
Side effects specific to the device included a foreign body sensation, leukorrhea, vaginitis, and device expulsion.
The folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) use various parts of the plant like leaves, barks, fruits, roots, and seeds for treatment of diverse ailments like fever, cardiac disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, leukorrhea, gonorrhea, diabetes, anemia, loss of hair, debility, and loss of libido.
SAN FRANCISCO -- The likelihood of chlamydial or gonorrheal infection more than triples in patients with bacterial vaginosis and leukorrhea, Dr.
Saline wet preps also were performed to rule out infections such as trichomoniasis, candidiasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV) or to screen for leukorrhea.
10-12] Patients are usually asymptomatic,[10,11] but vaginal bleeding, dyspareunia, postcoital spotting, and leukorrhea are occasionally reported.
Goldstein said, while the trial did investigate the incidence of endometrial cancer in such a cohort, it overlooked other effects on the lower genital tract such as endometrial hyperplasia, polyps, leukorrhea, and vaginal dryness.
In 1914 Curtis [1] noted that knowledge of leukorrhea was unsatisfactory and incomplete: Physicians neither appreciated the gross aspects of vagina discharge nor understood its source; knowledge of the bacteria involved was inadequate; and treatment was ineffective.