Lev Vasilevich Oshanin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oshanin, Lev Vasil’evich


Born Feb. 24 (Mar. 7), 1884, in Tashkent; died there Jan. 9, 1962. Soviet anthropologist. Professor and chairman of the subdepartment of anthropology at Tashkent University.

Oshanin’s main research was concerned with the anthropological composition and ethnogeny of the peoples of Middle Asia. In Middle Asia he distinguished two Europeoid anthropological types: the Transcaspian and the Pamir-Fergana. He also advanced and substantiated the hypothesis of the Scytho-Sarmatian origin of the Turkmens.


Antropologkheskii sostav naseleniia Srednei Azii i etnogenez ee narodov, parts 1–3. Yerevan, 1957–59. (Tr. Sredneaziatskogo Gos. un-ta im. V. I. Lenina: Novaia seriia, fascs. 96–98. Istoricheskie nauki, books 16–18.)


Miklashevskaia, N. N. “Pamiati L. V. Oshanina.” Voprosy antropologoii, 1962, issue 12.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.