Level 3

Level 3

(Level 3 Communications, Broomfield, CO, www.level3.com) A telecommunications carrier and one of the world's largest Internet backbone companies founded in 1985 as Kiewit Diversified Group (KDG). KDG was a wholly owned subsidiary of Peter Kiewit Sons', Inc., a prominent construction company that was founded in 1884. In 1998, KDG changed its name to Level 3 and spun itself off as a public company. The name of the company comes from the IP protocol, which is a "layer 3" networking protocol (see layer 3).

In 2017, Level 3 was acquired by CenturyLink, a large telecom company headquartered in Monroe, Louisiana. Level 3 operations were merged into CenturyLink, and Level 3 no longer operates with its own identity.

Level 3 built a nationwide fiber network based on IP with links to Europe and Asia. It provides fiber access directly to office buildings as well as end-to-end voice and data services. With nearly USD $3 billion in capital from Peter Kiewit Sons' and expertise from many people who previously worked for MFS (created under Kiewit and later sold to WorldCom), Level 3 packed a huge wallop as a startup. Private line and colocation services were first offered in 1998. With all the meltdown of telecom companies after the turn of the century, Level 3 remained a player.

In 2002, Level 3 acquired Corporate Software and Software Spectrum, two software resellers, making it the nation's leader in software distribution. By the third quarter of 2002, software accounted for three quarters of Level 3's revenues. Although perplexing analysts, the company expects that all corporate software will be downloaded in the future. In 2003, Level 3 purchased Genuity, a company with historical connections to the builders of the original Internet (see BBN).

In 2006, five more companies were acquired in the telecom, data transport and optical network areas, including ICG Communications, Looking Glass Networks and Broadwing Corporation.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
EXPORTS (Pvt) Ltd.###Hall 10 Level 3 Stand C49###Essatex Industries###Hall 10 Level 3 Stand F36
###Adamjee Enterprises###Hall 10 Level 3 Stand A41###ES Tex International###Hall 10 Level 0 Stand C29
"We selected Level 3 because of the proven performance of its network and Level 3's ability to support increasing high bandwidth demand," said Aber Whitcomb, chief technology officer of MySpace.
"We are excited to be working with MySpace to support their high capacity needs and their delivery of video services," said Brady Rafuse, president of Content Markets for Level 3. "MySpace is a clear leader in delivering content for online social networking, and this agreement underscores the growth we are seeing in demand for our services in this important segment."
Case control studies (level 3 evidence) compare subjects who have a specific condition with matched "controls," retrospectively analyzing differences between the groups.
Nevertheless, it is important for readers of medical literature to recognize that the validity of conclusions drawn from level 3 or level 2 studies (or lower level reports) may not be as certain as the validity of conclusions derived from level 1 studies.
For example, level 1 and level 2 could be tabs at the top navigation bar, and level 3 could be hyperlinks provided on the main content page.
Level 3 is the first major event in the vertical arrangement containing access to the public auditorium, below the library, with two upper galleries.
Following the taxonomy, the thinking levels were: (a) Level 1 - Knowledge, (b) Level 2 - Comprehension, (c) Level 3 - Application, (d) Level 4 - Analysis, (e) Level 5 - Synthesis, and (f) Level 6 - Evaluation.
The number of components assessed for each level are as follows: (a) Level l: 49; (b) Level 2: 92; (c) Level 3: 11; (d) Level 4: 14; (e) Level 5: l; and (f) Level 6: 0.
Let us see how Level 3 knowledge workers, the techno meisters, avoid many of these problems.
For example, if level 3 is used as normal, there are 7 steps to ascend before the top is reached--quite a stretch.