Gersonides

(redirected from Levi Ben Gershom)

Gersonides

(gərsŏn`ĭdēz) or

Levi ben Gershon

(lē`vī bĕn gûr`shən), 1288–1344, Jewish philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, called also Ralbag, from the initials of his Hebrew name, b. Languedoc. He wrote scientific works and commentaries on Averroës and the Torah. His Milchamoth Adonai [the wars of the Lord] is an elaborate treatise modeled after the Moreh Nevukhim of Maimonides. It is mainly a systematic criticism of the syncretism of Maimonides. His scientific views remained influential into the 19th cent.
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"Levi ben Gershom (Gersonides) stands out as one of the more creative and philosophically daring figures within the medieval Jewish world.
Klein-Braslavy (emerita, Jewish philosophy, Tel Aviv U.) characterizes Levi ben Gershom (Provence, 1288-1344) as perhaps the most prolific polymath of all medieval Jewish philosophers.
According to Levi ben Gershom (Gersonides, 1288-1344), Maimonides was compelled by religious considerations to maintain that God knows sublunar particulars in all their particularity, and to adopt a position that was diametrically opposed to the Aristotelian one.