Levi-Civita, Tullio

Levi-Civita, Tullio

(to͞ol`lyō lā`vē-chē`vētä), 1873–1942, Italian mathematician. He taught at the universities of Padua (1898–1919) and Rome (1919–38) and was noted for his researches in pure geometry, hydrodynamics, celestial mechanics, and tensor analysis (see tensortensor,
in mathematics, quantity that depends linearly on several vector variables and that varies covariantly with respect to some variables and contravariantly with respect to others when the coordinate axes are rotated (see Cartesian coordinates).
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), on which Einstein's work depended in part. He wrote Simplified Presentation of Einstein's Unified Field Equations (authorized tr. 1929).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Levi-Civita, Tullio

 

Born Mar. 29, 1873, in Padua; died Dec. 29, 1941, in Rome. Italian mathematician and specialist in mechanics.

Levi-Civita was a professor at universities in Padua (1898–1918) and Rome (1918–38). He systematized tensor analysis in 1901 together with the Italian mathematician G. Ricci-Curbastro. Levi-Civita was the first to pose and solve the problem of “regularizing” the limited three-body problem. He was the author of a number of works on celestial mechanics, hydrodynamics, and the theory of differential equations. He substantiated mathematically the theory of adiabatic invariants introduced by A. Einstein.

REFERENCES

Hodge, W. V. D. “Tullio Levi-Civita.” The Journal of the London Mathematical Society, 1943, vol. 18, no. 70, p. 107.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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