levulinic acid

(redirected from Levulinate)
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levulinic acid

[¦lev·yə¦lin·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
CH3COCH2CH2COOH Crystalline compound forming plates or leaflets that melt at 37°C; freely soluble in alcohol, ether, and chloroform; used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, plastics, rubber, and synthetic fibers.
References in periodicals archive ?
[ClickPress, Mon Jul 08 2019] The market for ethyl levulinate is expected to witness a surge in the growth owing to increase in the demand for bio-based solvents among the manufacturers, favorable regulatory framework, and several research & development initiatives.
Hu et al., "Conversion of biomass to y-valerolactone by catalytic transfer hydrogenation of ethyl levulinate over metal hydroxides," Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol.
Pan, "Facile and high-yield synthesis of methyl levulinate from cellulose," Green Chemistry, vol.
In turkey breast, 1% sodium levulinate prevented bacterial growth for up to six weeks, while levels of 2% and 3% prevented growth for 12 weeks.
"Levulinate esters are nontoxic and are used as food additives," he said.
Melamine levulinate monohydrate has been prepared and structurally characterized by room temperature X-ray diffraction technique.
All animals were treated initially by Intacal-IM (a) (Calcium levulinate, Vitamin [D.sub.3], Vitamin [B.sub.12]) @ 15 ml thrice in a week along with oral supplementation of lime water @ 50 ml bid and liquid Vimerol (b) (Vitamin A, [D.sub.3] and E) @10ml bid daily for 4 weeks.
According to the company, it also can be listed as water, glycerine, sodium levulinate, sodium anisate.
Calcium levulinate therapy with IM route has superior bioavailability and is less irritant (Kulkarni et al., 2007) hence can be used for maintaining blood calcium level following IV calcium therapy.
Also discussed are combustion test results with alternative liquid fuels including biodiesel, straight vegetable oil, levulinates derived from waste wood, coal-to-liquids fuels, and gas-to-liquid fuels.