The global Levulinic Acid
market was valued at $XX million in 2018, and Radiant Insights Research analysts predict the global market size will reach $XX million by the end of 2028, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2018 and 2028.
Doherty, "The conversion of lignocellulosics to levulinic acid
," Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, vol.
HMF, on continue heating, yield levulinic acid
and formic acid.
Conversion of red-algae Gracilaria verrucosa to sugars, levulinic acid
For example, furans (furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural), carboxylic acids (acetic acids, levulinic acids
, and formic acids), and phenolic compounds (syringaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, catechol, vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, dihydroconiferyl alcohol, coniferyl aldehyde, and syringic acid) are the most common inhibitors for ethanol production by S.
HMF is also a very important intermediate for the production of the biofuel dimethylfuran (DMF), as well as for the production of other molecules such as levulinic acid
, 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDA), 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF), dihydroxymethylfuran, and 5-hydroxy-4-keto-2-pentenoic acid .
Experimental and kinetic modeling studies on the acid-catalysed hydrolysis of the water hyacinth plant to levulinic acid
. Bioresource Technol., 99: 8367-8375.
Enabled by the development of selective ketalization of levulinic acid
esters, these compounds have broad solubility enabling their use as cleaning solvents or coupling agents in liquid formulations, according to Scgetis, which is based in Golden Valley, MN.
Through chemical process, the pentose sugars could be converted directly to furfural and levulinic acid
Developer Paul Nace described the first, Maine Bio-products, an industrial-scale facility, still in the permitting and finance phase and will utilize a hydrolysis process to manufacture levulinic acid
Fezza explains that this involves pairing an ELOS laser treatment--a combination of intense light and radio frequency--with levulinic acid
. When the light source hits the chemical, it becomes activated and attracted to brown spots and red patches on the skin, working to diminish them without the searing effects of traditional lasers.