Lexical Meaning


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Lexical Meaning: Lexical analysis

Lexical Meaning

 

the meaning of a word that is inherent only in a given lexical unit, as opposed to the grammatical meaning of whole classes and categories of words. The lexical content of most autonomous lexemes is heterogeneous and represents a sense structure, a hierarchical collateral subordination of the individual meanings, or from another standpoint, the lexical-semantic variants of a word. This organizational property of lexical semantics is called polysemy, or the semantic variation of a word. Depending on the object and notional relationship of a word, meanings can be literal and metaphorical; depending on the degree of contextual conditionality, meanings can be free, phraseologically bound, or constructively conditioned.

REFERENCES

Akhmanova, O. S. Ocherki po obshchei i russkoi leksikologii. Moscow, 1957.
Katsnel’son, S. D. Soderzhanie slova, inachenie i oboznachenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Schmidt, W. Lexikalische und aktuelle Bedeutnng, 4th ed. Berlin, 1967.
Ufimtseva, A. A. Slovo v leksiko-semanticheskoi sisteme iazyka. Moscow, 1968.
Ullmann, S. Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning. Oxford, 1964.
Vinogradov, V. V. “Osnovnye tipy leksicheskikh znachenii slova.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1953, no. 5.

A. A. UFIMTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The combination of word meanings forms only a subset of the lexical meaning communicated by means of word usage.
In addition to the reference to self-quotation, the latter expressions contain a particle with a similar lexical meaning. Toka in toka itte is considered to be a combination of either to `and' and ka (the question marker) or to and ka `or' (Shinmura 1991 [1955]: 1829) and may be translated as `something like'.
grammatical context), then analysis (b) is better, while if it appears to involve lexical meaning, then analysis (c) is better.
Lernen has a much more specific lexical meaning than sein.
In this context, the lexical meaning of 'child' made little sense and was lost; what was highlighted is an inference typically associated with the concept of 'child', namely smallness (desemanticization, (3b)), and this inference was conventionalized in the resulting derivational suffix.
In complex verbal constructions light verbs do not express their lexical meaning but change the semantics of a sentence as a whole.
We can clearly observe that in the speech there were significant differences between preceding and following pausing times of prepositions regardless of grammaticised or lexical meaning of prepositions.
It means that the relation between the inner form and lexical meaning is manifested in concordance of the only one semantic notion.
In the examples under consideration, the adaptation of the lexical meaning to the constructional meaning is first of all licensed by external constraints of a cognitive nature, more specifically, by the high-level metaphor NON-EFFECTUAL ACTIVITY IS AN EFFECTUAL ACTION.
Michaelis 2004:24-30) produced by the AMC construction: it changes the semantic type or even the lexical meaning of a non-processual nominalization, and requires for a processual mine-nominalization to combine with a subject genitive.
Fodor and LePore observe that compositionality is the sovereign test for theories of lexical meaning. "So hard is this test to pass, we think, that it filters out practically all of the theories of lexical meaning that are current in either philosophy or cognitive science.
In this respect, he claims that once the lexical meaning of one of the lexical verbs in a serial construction becomes somewhat obscure and shifts from the lexical domain to that of functional elements, the construction must be considered an auxiliary construction.